By John Considine
This can be the 1st unified heritage of the massive, prestigious dictionaries of the 17th and eighteenth centuries, compiled in academies, which got down to glorify residing eu languages. The culture started with the Vocabolario degli Accademici della Crusca (1612) in Florence and the Dictionnaire de l'Académie françoise (1694) in Paris, and unfold throughout Europe - to Germany, Spain, England, Denmark, Sweden, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Russia - within the eighteenth century, enticing scholars of language as assorted as Leibniz, Samuel Johnson, and Catherine the good. the entire significant academy and academy-style dictionaries of the interval as much as 1800, released and unpublished, are mentioned in one narrative, bridging nationwide and linguistic barriers, to supply a heritage of lexicography on a ecu scale. Like John Considine's Dictionaries in Early glossy Europe (Cambridge collage Press, 2008), this research treats dictionaries either as actual books and as bold works of the human mind's eye.
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Longfellow; and Petrarch, Lyric Poems, ed. and trans. Durling. 2 Migliorini and Griffith, Italian Language, 215. See Richardson, Print tradition in Renaissance Italy, 182–8 for an summary of the tale of printing and standardization within the Cinquecento, and cf. Burke, Languages and groups, 106–8 for its wider context. three Fisher, Emergence of normal English, 71–7; Burke, Languages and groups, 89–110; Considine, Dictionaries in Early sleek Europe, 104–5. four Migliorini and Griffith, Italian Language, 197–210. 5 IJsewijn, significant other to Neo-Latin stories, Vol. i, forty four; Migliorini and Griffith, Italian Language, 199. 6 Migliorini and Griffith, Italian Language, 215–25. 7 Ibid. , 225–8. eight Cf. Hausmann, ‘Die gesellschaftlichen Aufgaben der Lexikographie’, 10. nine Considine, Dictionaries in Early sleek Europe, 25–55. For his impact at the Vocabolario, see Parodi, Quattro secoli di Crusca, 29–31, esp. 29. 10 Breen, ‘The Observationes’, 50, 55. eleven Ibid. , passim; a count number of ‘nearly seventy’ printings is suggested from one other resource at forty nine, and Breen’s personal checklist of approximately fifty is given at 56n27. 12 those are reviewed in Tancke, Die italienischen Wörterbücher, 26–35; and in Migliorini and Griffith, Italian Language, 227. thirteen One appreciate during which Pergamino’s access for lento is unrepresentative is in its very heavy use of Boccaccio. He drew on a large choice of authors from the interval 1249–1405 within the first variation of his dictionary, including fabric from more moderen authors within the moment; see Tancke, Die italienischen Wörterbücher, 102–3. 176 Notes to pages 14–17 14 Hausmann, ‘Die gesellschaftlichen Aufgaben’, 10: ‘das erste auf exhaustive Erfassung des Wortschatzes angelegte alphabetische Definitionswörterbuch in Europa’. 15 Pevsner, Academies of Art, 7–10. sixteen See Van Dixhoorn and Speakman Sutch, ‘Introduction’, 1–16. 17 Hankins, ‘Myth of the Platonic Academy’, 433–4. 18 Chambers, ‘Earlier “academies” in Italy’, 2. 19 Ibid. , 6; cf. Maylender, Storia delle accademie d’Italia, Vol. i, 443–8. 20 Chambers, ‘Earlier “academies” in Italy’, 7. 21 For Bessarion in his Byzantine context, see Runciman, final Byzantine Renaissance, 80–4; cf. Yates, ‘Italian academies’, 8–9. 22 The prestige of the Aldine academy has been a lot mentioned: see e. g. Lowry, ‘Proving ground’, 44–7; Davies, Aldus Manutius, 55–6; Chambers, ‘Earlier “academies” in Italy’, 12. See additionally Maylender, Storia delle accademie d’Italia, Vol. i, 125–30. 23 Pevsner, Academies of Art, 5. 24 Yates, ‘Italian academies’, 13–14; Maylender, Storia delle accademie d’Italia, Vol. iii, 350–62. 25 the outline of the ethos of the Intronati is from their ‘Capitoli’, written ahead of 1584, and quoted in Maylender, Storia delle accademie d’Italia, Vol. iii, 355: ‘esercizi delle lettere così volgari come greche e latine’. 26 Ibid. , Vol. iii, 266–70; Lowry, ‘Proving ground’, 48–9; Chambers, ‘Earlier “academies” in Italy’, 9. 27 Chambers, ‘Earlier “academies” in Italy’, 13. 28 Yates, ‘Italian academies’, 11. 29 Brown, Lionardo Salviati, 53–9.