By M. I. Finley
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The sparse facts on early Christian attitudes has such a lot lately been tested at interminable size through H. Gtiltzow, Christentum und Sklaverei in den ersten drei ]ahrhunderttn (Bonn 196g). eighty one. Cf. the angle of Stoics and Christians to punishment in general: Garnsey, "Penal legislation" pp. 154-6. eighty two. See D. B. Davis, the matter of Slavery in Western tradition (Ithaca 1g66) chaps. 1-3. eighty three. See E. A. Thompson, "Peasant Revolts in 'Late Roman Gaul and Spain", earlier & current, no. 2 (1952) 11-23. Reprinted in Finley, experiences chap. 14. The destruction seen archaeologically in southern Gaul of the overdue fourth century could be the paintings of the Bacaudae; see Fouet, Villa de Montmaurin p. 311. eighty four. Rostovtzeff, REp. 514. eighty five. Jones, LRE p. 469; cf. his "Over-Taxation and the Decline of the Roman Empire", Antiquity 33 (1959) 39-43· 86. there is not any cause to reject, for instance, the image in Panegyrici latini five. 5-6 of the devastation ofBurgundy in 26g-7o. 87. See A. L. Rivet, "Social and financial Aspects", within the Roman Villa in Britain, ed. Rivet (London I g6g) pp. I 73-216, at pp. I 8g-g8; cf. Erik Gren, Kleinasim und der Ostbalkan in dn wirtschaftli&hen Entwi&klung der r6mischen Kaiserzeit [Uppsala Universitets Arsskrift (I941) no. g] pp. I35-49· Grain from Britain was once additionally shipped to the armies at the Rhine: Anunianus 18. 2. three; Libanius, Orations 18. eighty three. 88. Ammianus, sixteen. five. I five; cf. Salvian, On thl govt of God four. 3o-3 I; 5·35· 8g. Ibid. five. 25, 38-45. pass. See in brief A. Grenier, "Aux origines de l'histoire rurale: Ia conqu~te du sol fran~is", Annates 2 (1930) 26-47, at pp. 4o-4I. nine I. Fustel de Coulanges, "Colonat", gave a chic demonstration (esp. pp. ninety two, I I g) from the legislations codes that perform preceded laws. Max We~r made a similar aspect, independently as far as i will inform: Die romische Agrargeschichte (Stuttgart 1891) p. 219. ninety two. See the elemental research of Ernst Levy, "Von rOmischen Precarium zur germanischen Landleihe", ZSS66 (1948) I-30, at pp. 17-25. ninety three· Even e. g. in North Africa: H. D'Escurac-Doisy, "Notes sur le ph~no mene associatif dans le monde paysan a l'~poque du Haut-Empire", A. ntiquitls Africaines I (I g61) 59-71. 198 Notes to pages 93-98 ninety four· P. Collinet, "Le colonat dans l'empire romain", Recueils tkla Sociltl Jean Bodin 2 (1937) 85-122; on nearby diversifications, see also]. Percival, "Seigneurial points of overdue Roman property Management", English old overview eighty four (tg6g) 449-73· ninety five· either the supply and the overlook of untapped resources of data are documented by way of I. Hahn, "Freie Arbeit und Sklavenarbeit in der spatantiken Stadt", Annales Univ . ••. Budapestiensis, Sectio historica five (I g6 I) 23-39, on which my short account is basically established, and W. Seyfarth, Soz. iale Fragen der spiitromischen Kaiserz. eit im Spiegel der Theodosiantu (Berlin 1963) pp. 104-27. at the riots within the urban of Rome, see H. P. Kohns, Versorgungskrisen und Hungerrevolten in spiitantikm Rom (Bonn 1961); for a a bit of ancient times, C. R. Whittaker, "The insurrection of Papirius Dionysius A. D. 190", Historia thirteen (1964) 348-69.