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By Nicholas Brooks

In this selection of essays Nicholas Brooks explores the various earliest and so much tricky assets, either written and archaeological, for early English heritage. In his fingers, the constitution and capabilities of Anglo-Saxon starting place tales and charters (whether real or solid) remove darkness from English political and social constructions, in addition to ecclesiastical, city and rural landscapes. in addition to formerly released essays, Anglo-Saxon Myths: nation and Church, 400-1066 contains a new account of the English starting place fable and a assessment of the advancements within the examine of Anglo-Saxon charters over the past twenty years.

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146 Anglo Saxon Myths: country and Church 400-1066 Godwine, even if, would possibly not were the scourge of Christ Church whom it used to be later handy to depict. definitely, whilst Eadsige fell sick in 1044, the Earl turns out to have co-operated with the archbishop in securing King Edward's consent that Abbot Siward of Abingdon can be consecrated as bishop to be his alternative, reportedly with the intention to hinder an mistaken candidate from buying the place of work. 108 although now not a monk of Christ Church, Siward, as an abbot of Abingdon who have been expert at Glastonbury, had an impeccable monastic pedigree. within the occasion, Siward died prior to Eadsige, in 1048, and Eadsige consecrated a definite Godwine (of whose connections we all know not anything) as 'Bishop of St Martin's' in his position. as far as we will be able to inform, in those preparations the initiative lay with Eadsige, and the Earl used to be co-operative. while Eadsige died, on 29 October 1050, the group sought to proceed this alliance by means of electing a monk of Christ Church, named TElric, who was once a kinsman of Godwine. yet they'd miscalculated the political state of affairs disastrously, for King Edward the Confessor selected this second to throw off the tutelage of the Godwine relatives. At a witan held at London in March 1051, the King compelled during the translation to Canterbury of his Norman good friend Robert of Jumieges, the bishop of London. 109 the popularity of Duke William of Normandy because the inheritor to the English throne, and the exiling of Earl Godwine and of all his sons quickly undefined. As archbishop, Robert set approximately recuperating the Christ Church lands that were in Godwine's palms. yet in September 1052 the earl and his sons compelled the king to revive their earldoms, and the Norman archbishop to escape to his place of origin. In his position the witan nominated Bishop Stigand of Winchester, who have been the middleman who had negotiated the Earl's go back. a hundred and ten For Christ Church the elevation of Stigand used to be a catastrophe. Stigand, regardless of his tenure of the monastic see of Winchester, was once no longer a monk and confirmed no willingness to develop into one. He was once already a pluralist, preserving the sees either one of East Anglia (Elmham) and of Winchester. although in 1052 he turns out to have handed Elmham directly to his brother, ALthelmser, he retained Winchester, which, after Canterbury, was once the richest see in England. He had additionally been enthusiastic about simony, as within the tried advertising of Spearhafoc to London in 1051, which Archbishop Robert had quashed. In Edward the Confessor's eyes, Stigand was once the guy who had usurped the workplace of his pal Archbishop Robert. Royal benefactions to the see of Canterbury got here to A S C , 1043 D , 1044 C; Brooks, Early background, p p . 299-300. A S C , 1050 C, 1051 E; Vita SEdwardi Regis, ed. F . Barlow (London, 1962), p p . 18-19. one hundred ten For Stigand's profession, that is summarized the following, see F. Barlow, English Church, 1000-1066 (London, 1963), pp. 77-9, 217, and Brooks, Early heritage, pp. 304-10. 108 109 The Cathedral neighborhood at Canterbury 147 an finish. As a pluralist and a simoniac, Stigand had no probability of securing a pallium from Pope Leo IX or from any of his reforming successors.

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