By Ron Field
After a long time of anti-slavery job in 19th century the US, the Abolitionists chanced on a hero who martyred himself, leading to the yank Civil War.
On October sixteen, 1859 John Brown led a small "army" of 18 males, which include thirteen whites and 5 blacks, into Harpers Ferry, Virginia. 3 different contributors of his strength shaped a rearguard at a close-by Maryland farm. A veteran of the violent struggles among seasoned- and antislavery forces in Kansas in the course of 1855-56, Brown meant to impress a common rebellion of African americans that might bring about a uprising opposed to slavery. The raiders seized the Federal constructions, together with an armory and arsenal, and lower the telegraph wires. although, they did not observe that extra guns have been got rid of to defense after flooding on the corridor Rifle manufacturing facility. waiting for neighborhood slaves to affix them, Brown and his males fortified themselves within the hearth Engine condo whereas the well-armed townspeople surrounded the construction. The raiders and the civilians exchanged gunfire, and 8 of Brown's males have been killed or captured. through break of day on October 18, a battalion people Marines below the command of destiny accomplice commander Brevet Colonel Robert E. Lee, with First Lieutenant James Ewell Brown "Jeb" Stuart as moment in command, stormed Brown's place in a hearth engine residence and captured or killed so much of his strength. 5 of the conspirators, together with Brown's son Owen, escaped to safeguard in Canada and the North. significantly wounded and brought to the penal complex in Charlestown, Virginia, John Brown stood trial for treason opposed to the commonwealth of Virginia, for homicide, and for conspiring with slaves to insurgent. On November 2, 1859, a jury convicted him and sentenced him to dying. Brown without problems permitted the sentence and declared that he had acted based on God's commandments. Responding to continual rumours of extra uprising and written threats, Henry A. clever, governor of Virginia, referred to as out the country defense force to protect opposed to a potential rescue of Brown and his fans. Brown was once hanged in Charlestown later that day, with John Wilkes sales space and Thomas (later "Stonewall") Jackson between those that witnessed the event.
The Harpers Ferry raid proven for plenty of Southerners the lifestyles of a frequent Northern plot opposed to slavery. in truth, Brown had raised cash for his raid from Northern abolitionists. To arm the slaves, he ordered a thousand pikes from a Connecticut manufactory. Letters to Governor clever betrayed the combined emotions humans held for Brown. For a few, he was once easily insane and shouldn't be hanged. For others, he was once a martyr to the reason for abolition, and his fast trial and execution mirrored the terror and conceitedness of the Virginia slave-owning aristocracy. Many Northerners condemned Brown's activities yet notion him correct in his conviction that slavery needed to finish. the loo Brown Raid on Harpers Ferry and his execution additional polarized North and South and made an answer of the slavery factor significant to the nationwide debate which eventually ended in Civil warfare in 1861.
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