Download E-books Between Women: Friendship, Desire, and Marriage in Victorian England PDF

By Sharon Marcus

Women in Victorian England wore jewellery made of each one other's hair and wrote poems celebrating many years of friendship. They pored over magazines that defined the harmful pleasures of corporal punishment. a couple of had sexual relationships with one another, exchanged earrings and vows, willed one another estate, and lived jointly in long term partnerships defined as marriages. yet, as Sharon Marcus exhibits, those girls weren't obvious as gender outlaws. Their wants have been fanned by means of customer tradition, and their friendships and unions have been permitted or even inspired via kin, society, and church. faraway from being sexless angels outlined simply by means of male wants, Victorian ladies brazenly loved or even dominating different girls. Their friendships helped discover the fitting of companionate love among women and men celebrated through novels, and their unions stimulated politicians and social thinkers to reform marriage law.

via an in depth exam of literature, memoirs, letters, family magazines, and political debates, Marcus finds how relationships among ladies have been a very important part of femininity. Deeply researched, powerfully argued, and jam-packed with unique readings of common and miraculous assets, Between Women overturns every thing we suggestion we knew approximately Victorian girls and the heritage of marriage and relatives lifestyles. It bargains a brand new paradigm for theorizing gender and sexuality--not simply within the Victorian interval, yet in our own.

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Download E-books Good Jobs, Bad Jobs: The Rise of Polarized and Precarious Employment Systems in the United States, 1970s-2000s: The Rise of Polarized and Precarious Employment Systems in the United States, 1970s-2000s PDF

By Arne L. Kalleberg

The industrial growth of the Nineteen Nineties veiled a grim truth: as well as the transforming into hole among wealthy and terrible, the distance among sturdy and undesirable caliber jobs used to be additionally increasing. The postwar prosperity of the mid-twentieth century had enabled hundreds of thousands of yank employees to hitch the center category, yet as writer Arne L. Kalleberg exhibits, by means of the Seventies this upward flow had slowed, partly because of the regular disappearance of safe, well-paying business jobs.

Ever due to the fact that, precarious employment has been at the rise—paying low wages, providing few advantages, and with almost no long term defense. this present day, the polarization among employees with larger ability degrees and people with low abilities and occasional wages is extra entrenched than ever. Good Jobs, undesirable Jobs lines this pattern to large-scale alterations within the American exertions industry and the altering demographics of low-wage employees. Kalleberg attracts on approximately 4 many years of survey information, in addition to his personal learn, to judge tendencies in U.S. task caliber and recommend how you can increase American exertions marketplace practices and social policies.

Good Jobs, undesirable Jobs presents an insightful research of ways and why precarious employment is gaining floor within the exertions industry and the function those advancements have performed within the decline of the center category. Kalleberg indicates that by way of the Seventies, govt deregulation, international festival, and the increase of the carrier area won traction, whereas institutional protections for workers—such as unions and minimum-wage legislation—weakened. jointly, those forces marked the top of postwar defense for American staff. The composition of the hard work strength additionally replaced considerably; the variety of dual-earner households elevated, as did the proportion of the crew made from girls, non-white, and immigrant employees. of those teams, blacks, Latinos, and immigrants stay focused within the so much precarious and low-quality jobs, with academic attainment being the major indicator of who will earn the top wages and event the main activity defense and maximum degrees of autonomy and keep an eye on over their jobs and schedules. Kalleberg demonstrates, even though, that construction a greater security net—increasing govt accountability for employee future health care and retirement, in addition to strengthening unions—can pass a ways towards redressing the consequences of today’s unstable hard work market.

There is each cause to count on that the expansion of precarious jobs—which already make up an important percentage of the yank activity market—will proceed. Good Jobs, undesirable Jobs deftly exhibits that the decline in U.S. activity caliber isn't the results of fluctuations within the enterprise cycle, yet really the results of fiscal restructuring and the disappearance of institutional protections for staff. in simple terms executive, employers and hard work operating jointly on long term strategies—including an elevated protection internet, bolstered criminal protections, and higher education opportunities—can support opposite this trend.

A quantity within the American Sociological Association’s Rose sequence in Sociology.

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Download E-books Intelligent Disobedience: Doing Right When What You're Told to Do Is Wrong PDF

By Ira Chaleff

When it truly is shrewdpermanent to claim No

Nearly per week we examine a tragedy or scandal which can were avoided if members had acknowledged no to ill-advised or illegitimate orders. during this well timed ebook, Ira Chaleff explores whilst and the way to disobey irrelevant orders, lessen unacceptable probability, and locate higher how one can in achieving valid goals.

The suggestion for the ebook, and its name, comes from the idea that of clever disobedience utilized in advisor puppy education. advisor canine needs to realize and withstand a command that will placed their human and themselves in danger and establish more secure suggestions for reaching the aim. this is often accurately what Chaleff is helping people do. utilizing either deeply demanding and uplifting examples, in addition to serious yet mostly forgotten study, he indicates the right way to create a tradition the place, instead of “just following orders,” humans carry themselves dependable to do the perfect factor, always.

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Download E-books Satisfaction Not Guaranteed: Dilemmas of Progress in Modern Society PDF

By Peter N. Stearns

Within the 20th and twenty-first centuries, glossy city, commercial, prosperous societies have made nice strides in the direction of solving many of the difficulties that plagued different societies for hundreds of years: foodstuff shortages are approximately eradicated, baby and maternal mortality has fallen dramatically, contraception is either on hand and potent, schooling degrees are greater, and inner violence is considerably lowered. Modernity’s benefits are many and bountiful—but has modernity fairly made us happy?

Satisfaction no longer Guaranteed is a e-book in regards to the smooth , and why the earnings of dwelling in smooth city, commercial, prosperous societies haven't proved extra pleasant than they've got. It examines why genuine effects that paralleled past anticipations of growth haven't generated the benefit and contentment that an identical forecasters assumed might observe to trendy existence. utilising his trademark inquiry of feelings in American heritage, Peter N. Stearns asks why, if smooth lifestyles has been in general characterised by way of measurable topics of growth, abundance, and development, are humans no longer happier or extra content material with their lot in lifestyles? Why is there an elevated prevalence of mental melancholy, nervousness, and the experience that nobody has ever reached a top of happiness or contentment? It’s now not a lot that modernity went unsuitable, yet particularly that it has now not long gone as swimmingly as used to be expected. Satisfaction Not Guaranteed makes use of concrete examples from either background and the current, similar to happiness surveys, to debate how as a society we would greater juggle the calls for of contemporary lifestyles with the pursuit of happiness.

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Download E-books Unhitched: Love, Marriage, and Family Values from West Hollywood to Western China PDF

By Judith Stacey

Judith Stacey, 2012 winner of the Simon and Gagnon Lifetime success Award offered by means of the yank Sociological Association.
 
A major specialist at the kinfolk, Judith Stacey is understood for her provocative study on mainstream matters. discovering herself impatient with more and more calcified positions taken within the interminable wars over same-sex marriage, divorce, fatherlessness, marital constancy, and so forth, she struck out to profile strange cultures of up to date love, marriage, and kinfolk values from round the world.
 
Built on bracing unique examine that spans homosexual men’s intimacies and parenting in the USA to plural and non-marital kinds of kin in South Africa and China, Unhitched decouples the taken with no consideration relationships among love, marriage, and parenthood. Countering the one-size-fits-all imaginative and prescient of kin values, Stacey bargains readers a full of life, in-person creation to those much less widespread kinds of intimacy and kin and to the social, political, and financial stipulations that buttress and batter them.
 
Through compelling tales of genuine households navigating inescapable own and political trade-offs among wish and domesticity, the publication undermines well known convictions approximately relations, gender, and sexuality hung on the left, correct, and heart. taking up prejudices of either conservatives and feminists, Unhitched poses a strong empirical problem to the assumption that the nuclear family—whether directly or gay—is the one, top option to meet our wishes for intimacy and care. Stacey calls on voters and policy-makers to make their peace with the truth that kin range is right here to stick.

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Download E-books The Culture of Fear: Why Americans Are Afraid of the Wrong Things: Crime, Drugs, Minorities, Teen Moms, Killer Kids, Mutant Microbes, Plane Crashes, Road Rage, & So Much More PDF

By Barry Glassner

Within the age of Sep 11, the Iraq battle, monetary cave in, and Amber signals, our society is outlined via worry. So it’s now not impressive that 3 out of 4 americans say they suppose extra apprehensive this day then they did two decades in the past. yet are we dwelling in highly risky occasions? In The tradition of Fear, sociologist Barry Glassner demonstrates that it's our perception of risk that has elevated, no longer the particular point of danger. Glassner exposes the folks and agencies that manage our perceptions and take advantage of our fears, together with advocacy teams that elevate cash by way of exaggerating the superiority of specific ailments and politicians who win elections via heightening matters approximately crime, drug use, and terrorism. during this new version of a vintage book—more proper now than whilst it was once first published—Glassner exposes the fee we pay for social panic.

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Download E-books Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste PDF

By Pierre Bourdieu

No judgement of style is blameless. In a notice, we're all snobs. Pierre Bourdieu brilliantly illuminates this case of the center category within the smooth international. France's best sociologist focusses right here at the French bourgeoisie, its tastes and personal tastes. contrast is instantly an enormous ethnography of up to date France and a dissection of the bourgeois brain.

during way of life humans continuously choose from what they locate aesthetically entertaining and what they think about cheesy, in basic terms fashionable, or grotesque. Bourdieu bases his examine on surveys that took under consideration the multitude of social components that play an element in a Frenchperson's selection of garments, furnishings, relaxation actions, dinner menus for site visitors, and plenty of different issues of style. What emerges from his research is that social snobbery is all around the bourgeois global. the various aesthetic offerings humans make are all distinctions-that is, offerings made towards these made through different periods. style isn't natural. Bourdieu reveals a global of social that means within the determination to reserve bouillabaisse, in our modern cult of thinness, within the "California activities" equivalent to walking and cross-country snowboarding. The social global, he argues, features concurrently as a procedure of energy relatives and as a symbolic process during which minute differences of flavor turn into the root for social judgement.

the subject of Bourdieu's booklet is an interesting one: the techniques of social pretension are continuously apparently attractive. however the booklet is greater than attention-grabbing. it's a significant contribution to present debates at the conception of tradition and a problem to the main theoretical faculties in modern sociology.

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Download E-books The Next Hundred Million: America in 2050 PDF

By Joel Kotkin

A visionary social philosopher finds how the addition of 1 hundred million american citizens by way of midcentury will remodel the best way we are living, paintings, and prosper.

In stark distinction to the remainder of the world's complex international locations, the USA is becoming at a checklist fee, and, in line with census projections, might be domestic to 400 million american citizens by means of 2050. Drawing on prodigious examine, firsthand reportage, and ancient research, acclaimed forecaster Joel Kotkin unearths how this exceptional development will take shape-and why it's the maximum indicator of the nation's long term financial power. At a time of significant pessimism approximately America's destiny, The subsequent Hundred Million exhibits why the us will emerge a better and extra assorted kingdom by way of midcentury.

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Download E-books In the Blood: Understanding America's Farm Families PDF

Farming is key to the yank economic climate and our day-by-day lives, but few folks have a lot touch with farmers other than in the course of the foodstuff we devour. who're America's farmers? Why is farming very important to them? How are they dealing with dramatic alterations to their lifestyle? In the Blood paints a vibrant and relocating portrait of America's farm households, laying off new mild on their ideals, values, and complex courting with the land.

Drawing on greater than 200 in-depth interviews, Robert Wuthnow offers farmers of their personal voices as they converse candidly approximately their kinfolk traditions, aspirations for his or her young children, company preparations, and conflicts with relatives. They describe their altering relationships with acquaintances, their moving perspectives approximately faith, and the delicate methods they safeguard their own independence. Wuthnow stocks the tales of farmers who function dairies, elevate cattle, and develop our fruit and greens. We listen from corn and soybean farmers, wheat-belt farmers, and cotton growers. We achieve new insights into how farmers assign intending to the land, and the way they grapple with the more and more tough demanding situations of biotechnology and worldwide markets.

In the Blood unearths how, regardless of profound alterations in glossy agriculture, farming continues to be a permanent dedication that runs deeply within the veins of contemporary farm families.

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Download E-books The Art of Life PDF

By Zygmunt Bauman

In our individualized society we're all artists of existence – even if we all know it or no longer, will it or now not and prefer it or now not, via decree of society if no longer via our personal selection. during this society we're all anticipated, rightly or wrongly, to provide our lives function and shape by utilizing our personal talents and assets, whether we lack the instruments and fabrics with which artists’ studios have to be outfitted for the artist’s paintings to be conceived and done. And we're praised or censured for the implications – for what we've got controlled or did not accomplish and for what now we have accomplished and misplaced.
In our liquid smooth society we're additionally taught to think that the aim of the artwork of existence will be and will be happiness – although it’s no longer transparent what happiness is, the photographs of a cheerful kingdom retain altering and the kingdom of happiness is still more often than not whatever yet-to-be-reached.

This new e-book by means of Zygmunt Bauman – the most unique and influential social thinkers writing this present day – isn't a e-book of designs for the paintings of existence nor a ‘how to’ publication: the development of a layout for all times and how it's pursued is and can't yet be someone accountability and person accomplishment. it's as an alternative a super account of stipulations lower than which our designs-for-life are selected, of the restrictions that will be imposed on their selection and of the interaction of layout, twist of fate and personality that form their implementation. final yet now not least, it's a examine of the ways that our society – the liquid sleek, individualized society of shoppers – impacts (but doesn't verify) the way in which we build and narrate our existence trajectories.

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