Download E-books Did Muhammad Exist?: An Inquiry Into Islam's Obscure Origins PDF

By Robert Spencer

Everything you suggestion you knew approximately Islam is set to change
This beautiful e-book uncovers provocative proof that forces us to invite: Did Muhammad, Islam’s founding prophet, even exist?
it's a query that few have thought—or dared—to ask. however the extensively authorized tale of Islam’s origins starts off to disintegrate on shut examination.
In Did Muhammad Exist? bestselling writer Robert Spencer brings to early Islam a similar point of probing historic feedback students have lengthy utilized to Christianity and Judaism. Meticulously studying historic files, archaeological findings, and pioneering new scholarship, Spencer demanding situations the main basic assumptions approximately Islam’s origins—raising questions with profound implications for our global today.

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Peace it really is, until the emerging of sunrise” (97:1–5). Muslims affiliate the evening of strength with the 1st visual appeal of Gabriel to Muhammad and the 1st revelation of the Qur'an; they commemorate tonight through the fasting month of Ramadan. however the Qur'an makes no particular connection among the evening of strength and the revelation of the Qur'an. The ebook does not clarify what the evening of energy is, other than to claim it's the evening on which the angels (not only one angel) and the Spirit descend and proclaim Peace. In mild of the Qur'an's Syriac Christian roots, there's one other believable interpretation—that sura ninety seven refers to Christmas. The Qur'anic student Richard Bell observed within the evening, angels, Spirit, and peace of the sura a touch of the Nativity even with no certain philological exam: “The foundation of the assumption of the evening of strength is unexplained. the single different passage within the Quran which has any relating it's XLIV, 2a,3. In many ways what's right here acknowledged of it means that a few account of the Eve of the Nativity could have given upward thrust to it. ”51 Luxenberg issues out that as the evening of strength is linked to the revelation of the Qur'an, Muslims adopt vigils in the course of Ramadan. “However,” he notes, “with regard to the background of religions this truth is all of the extra impressive seeing that Islam doesn't have a nocturnal liturgy (apart from the tarawih, prayers provided through the nights of Ramadan). there's therefore each cause to imagine that those vigils corresponded initially to a Christian liturgical perform attached to the beginning of Jesus Christ, and which was once later followed by means of Islam, yet re-interpreted via Islamic theology to intend the descent of the Koran. ”52 an in depth textual research helps this argument. Al-qadr, the Arabic note for “power,” additionally capability “fate” or “destiny. ” Luxenberg observes that the Syriac qaaf-daal-raa—the q-d-r root of the Arabic note al-qadr—has 3 meanings, designating “i) the start (meaning the instant of birth); ii) the megastar less than which one is born and which determines the destiny of the newly born; iii) The Nativity, or Christmas. ” He maintains: “Thus outlined, the time period al-qadr, ‘destiny,’ is expounded to the megastar of beginning, which the Koranic al qadr applies, within the context of this sura, to the superstar of Christmas. for that reason, a connection is located to be verified with Matthew II. 2, ‘Saying, the place is he that's born King of the Jews? For we've seen his big name within the East and are come to worship him. ’”53 Then the verse “the evening of energy is healthier than one thousand months” (97:4) will be rendered “Christmas evening is best than 1000 vigils. ”54 The Qur'an concludes the evening of strength passage with “Peace it truly is, until the emerging of sunrise” (97:5). Luxenberg notes that this verse “sends us again to the hymn of the Angels mentioned through Luke II. 14: ‘Glory to God within the optimum and on the earth peace, stable will towards males. ’ This chant of the Angels has continuously constituted the vital topic of the Syriac vigils of the Nativity which lasts into Christmas evening, with all types of hymns, greater than the entire different vigils.

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