Download E-books Egyptian Cultural Icons in Midrash (Studia Judaica: Forschungen Zur Wissenschaft Des Judentums) PDF

By Rivka Ulmer

Rabbinic midrash integrated Egyptian non secular strategies. those textual photographs are in comparison to Egyptian tradition. Midrash is analyzed from a cross-cultural standpoint using insights from the self-discipline of Egyptology. Egyptian textual icons in rabbinic texts are analyzed of their Egyptian context.Rabbinic wisdom referring to Egypt integrated: Alexandrian academics are pointed out in rabbinic texts; Rabbis traveled to Alexandria; Alexandrian Jews traveled to Israel; exchange family existed; Egyptian, in addition to Roman and Byzantine, artifacts on the subject of Egypt.Egyptian parts within the rabbinic discourse: the Nile inundation, the Greco-Roman Nile god, gala's, mummy graphics, funeral customs, language, Pharaohs, Cleopatra VII, magic, the gods Isis and Serapis. The hermeneutical function of Egyptian cultural icons in midrash is explored. equipment utilized: comparative literature; semiotics; notions of time and house; the dialectical version of Theodor Adorno; theories of cultural identification by means of Jürgen Habermas; iconography (Mary Hamer); panorama idea; embodied fragments of reminiscence (Jan Assmann).

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37Ȭ50ȱàȱ•Šȱ •ž–’蛎ȱ Žœȱ 非Žœȱ 鐢™˜•˜’qžŽœȱ ›éŒŽ—Žœ ‘ŽȱŠ—žŠŽȱ˜ȱ‘ŽȱŽ—ŠŽžŒ‘ȱ’—ȱ’œȱŽ•Š’˜—ȱ ˜ȱ¢™’Š—ǰ ‘Žȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ—ȱ œ›ŠŽ•’Ž ‫̣‬ ‫היהדות בראי היוונות‬ ‫œ‘˜Š›Š‘ ‪‘Žȱ ’—ȱ ˜ȱ ¢™DZȱ ’œ˜›¢ȱ Š—ȱ ŽŠ—’—ȱ ’—ȱ ‘Žȱ ’–Žȱ ˜ȱ ‘Žȱ‬‬ ȱ •’”Ž œ›ŠŽ•ȱž—ȱ ¢™Ž—ȱ’—ȱ Ž›ȱ
˜—Š”ŽȱŸ˜—ȱŠ•˜–˜ȱ‹’œȱ£ž–ȱŠ••ȱ Ž›žœŠ•Ž–œ ‘Žȱ’—ȱ˜ȱ¢™ ‫Š’œ˜—Ž‪ ¢˜–ȱ‬יום גינוסיא‬ ‫‪ ¢˜–ȱ‬יום נילוס‬ ‫Žœ‹Ž ‬ ‫œ˜•’—‬ ‫Ž™‬ ‫‪Š™¢›žœȱ‬‬ ‫ŒŠ‘•’–ž ‬ ‫‪’š˜—’—ȱ‬‬ ‫—’—˜š’‬ ȱ —ȱ ‘Žȱ Œ‘’•ȱ ›Ž ǰȱ Š—ȱ œ‘Žȱ ‹›˜ž‘ȱ ‘’–ȱ ˜ȱ ‘ŠȬ ›Š˜‘ȂœȱŠž‘Ž›ǰȱŠ—ȱ‘Žȱ‹ŽŒŠ–Žȱ‘Ž›ȱœ˜—ǯȱ—ȱœ‘ŽȱŒŠ••Žȱ‘’œȱ—Š–Žȱ˜œŽœDzȱŠ—ȱ œ‘ŽȱœŠ’ǰȱŽŒŠžœŽȱ ȱ›Ž ȱ‘’–ȱ˜žȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ ŠŽ› —ȱ ’ȱ ŒŠ–Žȱ ˜ȱ ™Šœœȱ ’—ȱ ‘˜œŽȱ Š¢œǰȱ  ‘Ž—ȱ ˜œŽœȱ  Šœȱ ›˜ —ǰȱ ‘Šȱ ‘Žȱ  Ž—ȱ˜žȱ˜ȱ‘’œȱ‹›˜‘Ž›œǰȱŠ—ȱ•˜˜”Žȱ˜—ȱ‘Ž’›ȱ‹ž›Ž—œDzȱŠ—ȱ‘Žȱœ™’ŽȱŠ—ȱ¢™Ȭ ’Š—ȱ ‹ŽŠ’—ȱ Šȱ Ž‹›Ž ǰȱ ˜—Žȱ ˜ȱ ‘’œȱ ‹›˜‘Ž›œ —ǯ   ȱ ŠŠ˜ Š’ŸŽȱ—’ŸŽ›œŽDZȱ˜’ŒŽœȱ˜ȱ —’Š—ȱ–Ž›’ŒŠ t‹Ž›ȱ’Žȱ §¢™’œŒ‘Ž—ȱ•Ž–Ž—ŽȱŽ›ȱ™›ŠŒ‘ŽȱŽœȱ•Ž—ȱŽœŠ–Ž—œ
Š—˜—ȱž—ȱ§œž› ¢œ’”ȱž—ȱ‘Ž˜•˜’ŽȱŽœȱ›Š‹‹’—’œŒ‘Ž—ȱ žŽ—ž–œDZȱ ŽœŠ––Ž•Žȱ ž’Ž—ȱ Ž–˜›¢ȱ’—ȱ Ž ’œ‘ǰȱŠŠ—ȱŠ—ȱ ‘›’œ’Š—ȱ ˜Œ’Ž’Žœȱ ˜ȱ ‘Žȱ ›ŠŽŒ˜Ȭ˜–Š—ȱ ˜›•DZȱ ›Š–Ž—Žȱ Ž–˜›¢ȱ Ȯȱ ˜–™›Ž‘Ž—œ’ŸŽȱ Ž–˜›¢ȱ Ȯȱ ˜••ŽŒ’ŸŽȱ Ž–˜›¢ȱ ‘Žȱ ’œ‘—Š‘ȱ ’—ȱ ˜—Ž–™˜›Š›¢ȱŽ›œ™ŽŒ’ŸŽǯȱ Š—‹˜˜”ȱ˜ȱ›’Ž—Š•ȱž’ŽœǯȱŠ›ȱŗȱ—Œ’Ž—ȱŽŠ›ȱŠœǰȱŜś ž›ȱŽœ’––ž—ȱŠ››Š’ŸŽ›ȱ›ž”ž›Ž—ȱŠžȱŽ›ȱ ›ž—•ŠŽȱŸ˜—ȱŽ¡›Š––Š’”Ž— ž››Ž—ȱ ›Ž—œȱ ’—ȱ ’—ž’œ’Œœǯȱ ŽœŽŠ›Œ‘ȱ ’—ȱ Ž¡ȱ‘Ž˜›¢ȱ Ř Ž–˜›¢ ‘Žȱ —Œ’Ž—ȱ ŽŠ›ȱ Šœȱ ’—ȱ ’Œž›Žœȱ Ž•Š’—ȱ ˜ȱ ‘Žȱ •ȱ ŽœŠ–Ž—ȱ  ȱ presu ¢™ǰȱ œ›ŠŽ•ǰȱŠ—ȱ‘Žȱ—Œ’Ž—ȱŽ’Ž››Š—ŽŠ—ȱ˜›•DZȱ ž’Žœȱ ’—ȱ ˜—˜›ȱ ˜ȱ ˜—Š•ȱ ǯȱ Ž˜›ȱ ¢™’Š—’£Š’˜—ȱ Š—ȱ •’Žȱ –ž•Š’˜—ȱ ’—ȱ Š–ŽœœŠ’Žȱ Š•Žœ’—ŽDZȱ ˜ŸŽ›—Š—ŒŽȱ Š—ȱ ŒȬ Œ˜––˜Š’˜—ȱ˜—ȱ‘Žȱ –™Ž›’Š•ȱŽ›’™‘Ž›¢ ˜œŽœȱŠ—ȱ˜—˜‘Ž’œ– ›ŽžȂœȱ ˜œŽœDZȱ žŠ’œ–ȱŽ›–’—Š‹•ŽȱŠ—ȱ —Ž›–’—Š‹•Žȱ ȱ Ž•’Ž‹Žȱ ‹“Ž”ŽDZȱ ¢–‹˜•Žȱ ž—ȱ —œ›ž–Ž—Žȱ Ž›ȱ Ž—’§œ‹’•ž— ‘Š›Š˜‘ȱ ›’ž–Ȭ ™‘Š—DZȱ‘Žȱ’ŽȱŠ—ȱ’–Žœȱ˜ȱŠ–ŽœœŽœȱ ¢™ǰȱ Š—ŠŠ—ǰȱ Š—ȱ œ›ŠŽ•ȱ ’—ȱ —Œ’Ž—ȱ ’–Žœ ‘›˜— ™Ž›ȱŽ– ’‘˜–ȱŠ—ȱ Š–œŽœ –’›˜œŽœ ™’ȱŽ‘˜– ǯȱ™ǯ ›˜–ǯ ‘Žȱ’—ȱ˜ȱ¢™DZȱ ’œ˜›¢ȱŠ—ȱŽŠ—’—ȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ’–Žȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ‘ŠȬ ›Š˜‘œ ’Ȭ‘Š‘’›˜ ‘Žȱ ¡˜›ȱ —Œ¢Œ•˜™Ž’Šȱ ˜ȱ —Œ’Ž—ȱ ¢™ǰ ̣ ‘Š›Š˜‘ȂœȱŽ••Š‘œȱŠ—ȱ¡™•˜›Ž› ™Ž›ȬŠ–œŽœ —ȱ ˜œŽ™‘ȱœ’žŠŽȱ‘’œȱŠ‘Ž›ȱŠ—ȱ‘’œȱ‹›˜‘Ž›œǰȱŠ—ȱŠŸŽȱ‘Ž–ȱŠȱ™˜œȬ œŽœœ’˜—ȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ•Š—ȱ˜ȱ¢™ǰȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ‹Žœȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ•Š—ǰȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ•Š—ȱ˜ȱŠ–ŽœŽœǰȱŠœȱ‘Š›Š˜‘ȱ‘Šȱ Œ˜––Š—Žǯ  ¢–˜•˜¢ȱ’—ȱŠ›•¢ȱ Ž ’œ‘ȱ —Ž›™›ŽŠ’˜—DZȱ‘Žȱ Ž‹›Ž ȱŠ–Žœȱ’—ȱ‘’•˜ ̣ Z ̣ Š–ȱ‘Žȱ›˜œŽȱ˜ȱ‘Š›˜— ˜žȱœ‘Š••ȱ‘ŠŸŽȱŠȱœ˜—ȱŠœȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ—’‘ȱ ‘Ž—ȱŠȱŽŠœȱ’œȱ‘Š•Ȭ •˜ Ž  œ‘Ȭœ‘—” ‫šŠ‘œ˜‘œ שושק‬ œ‘Ȭœ‘Ȭ” ‘Š›Š˜‘œȱ Š—ȱ
’—œDZȱ ȱ ’‹•’ŒŠ•ȱ žŽœ œœ œ¢œŠȱ œ¢œ  œœ¢ ‘Žȱ ‘’›ȱ —Ž›–Ž’ŠŽȱ Ž›’˜ȱ ’—ȱ ¢™ȱ ǻŗŗŖŖȬŜśŖȱ ǯ ¢–‹˜•œȱ˜ȱ—Œ’Ž—ȱ œ›ŠŽ•ȱ’—ȱ‘ŽȱŠŽȱŽ›’˜ ‘Žȱ ™’›Š™‘’Œȱ ž›ŸŽ¢ǰȱ Ž•’Žœȱ Š—ȱ —œŒ›’™’˜—œȱ Šȱ
Š›—Š”ȱ DZȱ ‘Žȱ ž‹Šœ’Žȱ ˜›Š• ›’ Z  ŽŠŽ–  ’œ˜›¢ȱ Š—ȱ ›Š’’˜—œȱ˜ȱŠ›•¢ȱ œ›ŠŽ•DZȱž’Žœȱ›ŽœŽ—Žȱ˜ȱžŠ›ȱ’Ž•œŽ—ǰȱŠ¢ȱޝ‘ȱŗşşř ȱ ž™ ‘ŽȱŠ›•¢ȱ’‹•’ŒŠ•ȱŽ›’˜DZȱ ’œ˜›’ŒŠ•ȱž’Žœ ȱ  —ȱ’ȱŒŠ–Žȱ˜ȱ™Šœœȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ’‘ȱ¢ŽŠ›ȱ˜ȱ”’—ȱŽ‘˜‹˜Š–ǰȱ‘Šȱ‘’Ȭ œ‘Ššǰȱ”’—ȱ˜ȱ¢™ǰȱŒŠ–Žȱž™ȱŠŠ’—œȱ Ž›žœŠ•Ž–ǯȱ—ȱ‘Žȱ˜˜”ȱŠ Š¢ȱ‘Žȱ›ŽŠœž›Žœȱ˜ȱ ‘Žȱ‘˜žœŽȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ˜›ǰȱŠ—ȱ‘Žȱ›ŽŠœž›Žœȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ”’—Ȃœȱ‘˜žœŽDzȱ‘Žȱ˜˜”ȱŠ Š¢ȱŠ••DzȱŠ—ȱ ‘Ž ˜˜”ȱŠ Š¢ȱŠ••ȱ‘Žȱœ‘’Ž•œȱ˜ȱ˜•ȱ ‘’Œ‘ȱ˜•˜–˜—ȱ‘Šȱ–ŠŽǯȱ—ȱ”’—ȱŽ‘˜‹˜Š–ȱ –ŠŽȱ’—ȱ‘Ž’›ȱ™•ŠŒŽȱ‹›˜—£Žȱœ‘’Ž•œǰȱŠ—ȱŒ˜––’Žȱ‘Ž–ȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ‘Š—œȱ˜ȱ‘ŽȱŒ‘’Žȱ˜ȱ ‘ŽȱžŠ›ǰȱ ‘’Œ‘ȱ”Ž™ȱ‘Žȱ˜˜›ȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ”’—Ȃœȱ‘˜žœŽǯ —ȱ’ȱ Šœȱœ˜ǰȱ ‘Ž—ȱ‘Žȱ”’—ȱ  Ž—ȱ ˜ȱ ‘Žȱ ‘˜žœŽȱ ˜ȱ ‘Žȱ ˜›ǰȱ ‘Šȱ ‘Žȱ žŠ›ȱ ŒŠ››’Žȱ ‘Ž–ȱ ǽ‹›˜—£Žȱ œ‘’Ž•œǾȱ Š—ȱ ‹›˜ž‘ȱ‘Ž–ȱ‹ŠŒ”ȱ˜ȱ‘ŽȱžŠ›ȱŒ‘Š–‹Ž›   ‘Š›Š˜‘œ ‘Žȱ˜›ȱŠŸŽȱ œ›ŠŽ•ȱŠȱœŠŸ’˜›ȱ ‘˜ȱ›ŽŽȱ‘Ž–ȱ›˜–ȱ‘Žȱ›’™ȱ˜ȱ›Š– —ȱ’ȱŒŠ–Žȱ˜ȱ™Šœœǰȱ ‘Ž—ȱŽ‘˜‹˜Š–ȱ‘ŠȱŽœŠ‹•’œ‘Žȱ‘Žȱ”’—˜–ǰȱŠ—ȱ‘Šȱ œ›Ž—‘Ž—Žȱ‘’–œŽ•ǰȱ‘Žȱ˜›œ˜˜”ȱ‘Žȱ˜›Š‘ȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ˜›ǰȱŠ—ȱŠ••ȱ œ›ŠŽ•ȱ ’‘ȱ‘’–ǯȱ—ȱ’ȱŒŠ–Žȱ ˜ȱ™Šœœǰȱ‘Šȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ’‘ȱ¢ŽŠ›ȱ˜ȱ”’—ȱŽ‘˜‹˜Š–ǰȱ‘’œ‘Ššȱ”’—ȱ˜ȱ¢™ȱŒŠ–Žȱž™ȱŠŠ’—œȱ Ž›žȬ œŠ•Ž–ǰȱ ‹ŽŒŠžœŽȱ ‘Ž¢ȱ ‘Šȱ ›Š—œ›ŽœœŽȱ ŠŠ’—œȱ ‘Žȱ ˜›ǰȱ ’‘ȱ  Ž•ŸŽȱ ‘ž—›Žȱ Œ‘Š›’˜œǰȱ Š—ȱ œ’¡¢ȱ ‘˜žœŠ—ȱ ‘˜›œŽ–Ž—ǯȱ —ȱ ‘Žȱ ™Ž˜™•Žȱ  Ž›Žȱ  ’‘˜žȱ —ž–‹Ž›ȱ  ‘˜ȱ ŒŠ–Žȱ  ’‘ȱ ‘’–ȱ ›˜–ȱ ¢™DZȱ‘Žȱ’‹¢Š—œǰȱ‘Žȱž””’ŽœǰȱŠ—ȱ‘Žȱ
žœ‘’Žœǯȱ—ȱ‘Žȱ˜˜”ȱ‘Žȱ˜›’’ŽȱŒ’’Žœȱ ‘’Œ‘ȱ‹ŽȬ •˜—Žȱ˜ȱ žŠ‘ǰȱŠ—ȱŒŠ–Žȱ˜ȱ Ž›žœŠ•Ž–ǯȱ‘Ž—ȱŒŠ–Žȱ‘Ž–Š’Š‘ȱ‘Žȱ™›˜™‘Žȱ˜ȱŽ‘˜‹˜Š–ǰȱŠ—ȱ ˜ȱ‘Žȱ™›’—ŒŽœȱ˜ȱ žŠ‘ǰȱ ‘˜ȱ Ž›ŽȱŠ‘Ž›Žȱ˜Ž‘Ž›ȱ’—ȱ Ž›žœŠ•Ž–ȱ‹ŽŒŠžœŽȱ˜ȱ‘’œ‘ŠšǰȱŠ—ȱœŠ’ȱ ˜ȱ‘Ž–ǰȱ‘žœȱœŠ’ȱ‘Žȱ˜›ǰȱ˜žȱ‘ŠŸŽȱ˜›œŠ”Ž—ȱ–ŽǰȱŠ—ȱ‘Ž›Ž˜›Žȱ ȱŠ•œ˜ȱ‘ŠŸŽȱ•Žȱ¢˜žȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ ‘Š—ȱ˜ȱ‘’œ‘Ššǯȱ—ȱ‘Žȱ™›’—ŒŽœȱ˜ȱ œ›ŠŽ•ȱŠ—ȱ‘Žȱ”’—ȱ‘ž–‹•Žȱ‘Ž–œŽ•ŸŽœDzȱŠ—ȱ‘Ž¢ȱœŠ’ǰȱ ‘Žȱ˜›ȱ’œȱ›’‘Ž˜žœǯȱ—ȱ ‘Ž—ȱ‘Žȱ˜›ȱœŠ ȱ‘Šȱ‘Ž¢ȱ‘ž–‹•Žȱ‘Ž–œŽ•ŸŽœǰȱ‘Žȱ ˜›ȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ ˜›ȱŒŠ–Žȱ˜ȱ‘Ž–Š’Š‘ǰȱœŠ¢’—ǰȱ‘Ž¢ȱ‘ŠŸŽȱ‘ž–‹•Žȱ‘Ž–œŽ•ŸŽœDzȱ‘Ž›Ž˜›Žȱ ȱ ’••ȱ—˜ȱŽœ›˜¢ȱ ‘Ž–ǰȱ‹žȱ ȱ ’••ȱ›Š—ȱ‘Ž–ȱœ˜–ŽȱŽ•’ŸŽ›Š—ŒŽDzȱŠ—ȱ¢ȱ ›Š‘ȱœ‘Š••ȱ—˜ȱ‹Žȱ™˜ž›Žȱ˜žȱž™˜—ȱ ŽȬ ›žœŠ•Ž–ȱ‹¢ȱ‘Žȱ‘Š—ȱ˜ȱ‘’œ‘ŠšǯȱŽŸŽ›‘Ž•Žœœȱ‘Ž¢ȱœ‘Š••ȱ‹Žȱ‘’œȱœŽ›ŸŠ—œDzȱ‘Šȱ‘Ž¢ȱ–Š¢ȱ”—˜ ȱ ¢ȱœŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽǰȱŠ—ȱ‘ŽȱœŽ›Ÿ’ŒŽȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ”’—˜–œȱ˜ȱ‘ŽȱŒ˜ž—›’Žœǯȱ—ȱ‘’œ‘Ššȱ”’—ȱ˜ȱ¢™ȱŒŠ–Žȱ ž™ȱŠŠ’—œȱ Ž›žœŠ•Ž–ǰȱŠ—ȱ˜˜”ȱŠ Š¢ȱ‘Žȱ›ŽŠœž›Žœȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ‘˜žœŽȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ˜›ǰȱŠ—ȱ‘Žȱ›ŽŠœž›Žœȱ ˜ȱ‘Žȱ”’—Ȃœȱ‘˜žœŽDzȱ‘Žȱ˜˜”ȱŠ••Dzȱ‘ŽȱŒŠ››’ŽȱŠ Š¢ȱŠ•œ˜ȱ‘Žȱœ‘’Ž•œȱ˜ȱ˜•ȱ ‘’Œ‘ȱ˜•˜–˜—ȱ‘Šȱ –ŠŽǯȱ —œŽŠȱ”’—ȱŽ‘˜‹˜Š–ȱ–ŠŽȱœ‘’Ž•œȱ˜ȱ‹›˜—£ŽǰȱŠ—ȱŒ˜––’Žȱ‘Ž–ȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ‘Š—œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ Œ‘’Žȱ˜ȱ‘ŽȱžŠ›ǰȱ ‘˜ȱ”Ž™ȱ‘ŽȱŽ—›Š—ŒŽȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ”’—Ȃœȱ‘˜žœŽǯȱ—ȱ ‘Ž—ȱ‘Žȱ”’—ȱŽ—Ž›Žȱ’—˜ȱ ‘Žȱ ‘˜žœŽȱ ˜ȱ ‘Žȱ ˜›ǰȱ ‘Žȱ žŠ›ȱ ŒŠ–Žȱ Š—ȱ ŽŒ‘Žȱ ‘Ž–ǰȱ Š—ȱ ‹›˜ž‘ȱ ‘Ž–ȱ ‹ŠŒ”ȱ ’—˜ȱ ‘Žȱ žŠ›ȱŒ‘Š–‹Ž›ǯȱ—ȱ ‘Ž—ȱ‘Žȱ‘ž–‹•Žȱ‘’–œŽ•ǰȱ‘Žȱ ›Š‘ȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ˜›ȱž›—Žȱ›˜–ȱ‘’–ǰȱ‘Šȱ ‘Žȱ ˜ž•ȱ—˜ȱŽœ›˜¢ȱ‘’–ȱŠ•˜Ž‘Ž›DzȱŠ—ȱŠ•œ˜ȱ’—ȱ žŠ‘ȱ‘’—œȱ Ž—ȱ Ž••ǯȱ œ›ŠŽ•ȱ ž—ȱ ¢™Ž—ȱ ’—ȱ Ž›ȱ
㗒œ£Ž’DZȱ ’Žȱ ”ž•ž›Ž••Ž—ȱ
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’— Z Z ‫חופרע‬ ™Š›ŠȂ ̣ ‫פרע‬ ¢ȱ›’ŸŽ›ȱ’œȱ–’—Žȱ˜ —ǰȱŠ—ȱ ȱ‘ŠŸŽȱ–ŠŽȱ’ȱ ˜›ȱ–¢œŽ• ‘žœȱ œŠ¢œȱ ‘Žȱ ˜›DZȱ Ž‘˜•ǰȱ ȱ  ’••ȱ ’ŸŽȱ‘Š›Š˜‘ȱ ˜™‘›Šǰȱ
’—ȱ˜ȱ ¢™ǰȱ ’—˜ȱ‘Žȱ‘Š—œȱ˜ȱ‘’œȱŽ—Ž–’Žœ —ȱǽ‘Žȱ™›’ŽœǾȱœ‘Š••ȱž—ŠœŽ—ȱ‘Žȱ‘Š’›ȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ ˜–Š—ȱ ™ŠȬ ’œǯ Z ̣ ›ŠȂ Š—ȱ œŽȱ ‘Žȱ –ŽŠ•Ȭ˜Ž›’—ȱ ˜ȱ –Ž–˜›’Š•ȱ ’—ȱ ‘Ž›ȱ ‘Š—œȱ —ȱ‘ŠȱŠ¢ȱœ‘Š••ȱ¢™ȱ‹Žȱ•’”Žȱž—˜ȱ ˜–Ž—ȱ –”“ȱ”–ǯ ˜–Žǰȱ•Žȱžœȱ˜ȱ˜ — ‘Žȱ¡˜›ȱ—Œ¢Œ•˜™Ž’Šȱ˜ȱ—Œ’Ž—ȱ¢™ Ž•Ž– ’—Žȱ˜›Šȱ û›ȱ Ž—ȱ
㗒ȱ Š•–Š’DZȱ —Ž›œžŒ‘ž—Ž—ȱ £ž–ȱ t‹Ž›œŽ£ž—œŸŽ›œ§——’œȱ ’—ȱ Ž›ȱ “û’œŒ‘Ȭ ‘Ž••Ž—’œ’œŒ‘Ž—ȱž—ȱ›Š‹‹’—’œŒ‘Ž—ȱ’Ž›Šž› ‘Žȱ ˜žœŽȱ ˜ȱ ˜•Ž–¢DZȱ ȱ ’œ˜›¢ȱ ˜ȱ ¢™ȱ ž—Ž›ȱ ‘Žȱ ˜•Ž–Š’Œȱ ¢—Šœ¢ȱ ȱ ‘Žȱ Ž••Ž›œȱ˜—ȱ‘Žȱ’•Žȱ ‘Žȱ’•ŽȱŠ—ȱ¢™’Š—ȱ’Ÿ’•’£Š’˜— ’•ȱŽȱ•ŠȱŒ’Ȭ Ÿ’•’£Š’˜—ȱ·¢™’Ž——Ž ŽŸŽ•˜™–Ž—ȱ˜ȱŽ•’’Ȭ ˜—ȱ Š—ȱ ‘˜ž‘ȱ ’—ȱ —Œ’Ž—ȱ ¢™  ’œǯ Š’—œȱ ™’˜— —Ž›—Š’˜—Š•Žœȱ ˜œŽ™‘žœȬ
˜••˜šž’ž–ǰȱ Š›‘žœȱ ŗşşş ȱ Šǯ ¢™Ž—ǰȱ ›’ŽŒ‘Ž—•Š—ȱŠ—ȱ˜–DZȱ‹ Ž‘›ȱž—ȱŽ›û‘›ž— §Ž•Ȭ œŒ‘Žœȱ
ž—œ’—œ’žȱ ž—ȱ §’œŒ‘Žȱ Š•Ž›’Žǰȱ ŘŜǯȱ ˜ŸŽ–‹Ž›ȱ ŘŖŖśȬŘŜǯȱ Ž‹›žŠ›ȱ ŘŖŖŜȱ ȱ ‘Žȱ˜›ǰȱ ˜ȱ˜ȱ‘˜œœǰȱ‘Žȱ ‘˜ȱ˜žŒ‘Žœȱ‘ŽȱŽŠ›‘ȱŠ—ȱ’ȱ –Ž•œǰȱŠ—ȱŠ••ȱ ‘˜ȱ Ž••ȱ’—ȱ’ȱ–˜ž›—ǰȱŠ—ȱŠ••ȱ˜ȱ’ȱ›’œŽœȱ•’”Žȱ‘Žȱ’•ŽǰȱŠ—ȱœ’—”œȱŠŠ’—ǰȱ•’”Žȱ‘Žȱ ’•Žȱ˜ȱ¢™ǯ ȱ œ›ŠŽ•ȱž—ȱ ¢™Ž—ȱ’—ȱŽ›ȱ
˜—Ȭ Š”Žȱ Ÿ˜—ȱ Š•˜–˜ȱ ‹’œȱ £ž–ȱ Š••ȱ Ž›žœŠ•Ž–œȱ Ž•’’˜—ȱ’–ȱ›‹Žȱ ¢™Ž—œǯȱŽ’›§Žȱ£ž›ȱ œ™§Š—’”Ž—ȱ Ž•’’˜—œŽœŒ‘’Œ‘Žȱ £žȱ ‘›Ž—ȱ Ÿ˜—ȱ •Ž¡Š—Ž›ȱ 㑕’ ‫בספר דברי יוסף‬ ‫ דוגמה לדרך עיבודו של יוסף סמברי את מקורותיו‬-‫נילוס נהר מצרים‬ ’˜—ȱ ŽŽ—œȱ ˜ȱ ‘Žȱ Ž œ Žž¡’¸–Žȱ œŽ¡Žǰ ‘ŽȱŽŒ˜—ȱŽ¡ȱ ˜˜”ȱ ˜ȱ ‘Žȱ ŽŠ ȱ ȱ ȱ ¢ŽȂ˜› —Š‘Š› ’•˜œ m ̣ m —Š‘Š› ̣ m ̣ m ‫יאר‬ m ̣ ̣ ¢ŽȂ˜› ŽȂ˜› ¢ŽȂ˜›’– ¢ŽȂ˜›’– ’•˜œ —Š‘Š› ž— ž—ȱ ž—ȱ ž— ’›’žœ ’‹•ǯȱ ’œǯ ȱ   ˜ž›—Š•ȱ˜ȱŽ•’’˜—ȱŠ—ȱ˜Œ’Ž¢ ǰȱ ǯ  Šǯȱ ’œǯ ŠŽ›ȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱž•’Œȱ˜›œ‘’™ȱ˜ȱ œ’œȱŠ—ȱŽ›Š™’œ ’•˜œ ’•˜œ ’•˜œ ’•˜œ ’•˜œ ¢ŽȂ˜› ̣ ’–ŽœȱŠ—ȱ‘ŽȱœŽŠœ˜—œ Žȱ Œ‘Š—Žœȱ ‘Žȱ —ȱ—˜ ǰȱ ‘Šȱ’œȱ‘Žȱ˜˜ȱ˜ȱ¢˜žȱ˜’—ȱ˜ȱ¢™ȱ˜ȱ›’—”ȱ‘Žȱ ŠŽ›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱ’•Žǵȱ —ȱ ‘Šȱ’œȱ‘Žȱ˜˜ȱ˜ȱ¢˜žȱ˜’—ȱ˜ȱœœ¢›’Šȱ˜ȱ›’—”ȱ‘Žȱ ŠŽ›œȱ˜ȱ‘Žȱž™‘›ŠŽœǵ ’Œ’˜—Š›¢ ̣ ’œ‘—ŠȱŠ‹‹’ȱ•’ȂŽ£Ž› fellaḥin n a a e e hello ih n he a ellin h h he an ine a a ei a a a ee in a en ena f he n e na —’•žœȱ —’—žœ ‘ŠŸŽȱ’ŸŽ—ȱ‘’œȱ•Š—ǰȱ›˜–ȱ‘Žȱ›’ŸŽ›ȱ˜ȱ¢™ȱ ˜ȱ ‘Žȱ›ŽŠȱ ›’ŸŽ›ǰȱ‘Žȱ ›’ŸŽ›ȱž™‘›ŠŽœ this is often an instance of rabbinic polemics opposed to the Nile.

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