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By Gabriele Boccaccini, Giovanni Ibba, Jason Von Ehrenkrook

The early Enoch literature doesn't seek advice from the Mosaic Torah or emphasize the distinctively Mosaic legislation designed for Israel. however the ebook of Jubilees provides room to either Mosaic and Enochic traditions in the Sinaitic revelatory framework. What, then, may still we make of such differences?
This query and comparable speculations have been at the minds of students accumulated from all over the world on the fourth Enoch Seminar at Camaldoli, Italy, in July 2007. 4 trends emerged from the dialogue on the seminar. a few students claimed that Jubilees used to be an instantaneous fabricated from Enochic Judaism with subordinated Mosaic positive factors. a few steered that Jubilees was once a wakeful synthesis of Enochic and Mosaic culture, but final self reliant from either. a few asserted that Jubilees used to be basically a Mosaic textual content with a few Enochic impression. And others puzzled the very life of a gulf among Enochic and Mosaic traditions as competing sorts of Judaism on the time of Jubilees.
Gabriele Boccaccini and Giovanni Ibba have conscientiously accumulated the countervailing perspectives into this quantity. What readers will locate here's a vigorous debate one of the so much amazing foreign experts, jointly striving for a greater figuring out of a difficult historical document.

Contributors: Veronika Bachmann, Kelley Coblentz Bautch, Jonathan Ben-Dov, John Bergsma, Gabriele Boccaccini, Lutz Doering, John C. Endres, Esther Eshel, William okay. Gilders, Lester L. Grabbe, Betsy Halpern-Amaru, Matthias Henze, Martha Himmelfarb, David Jackson, Helge S. Kvanvig, Erik Larson, Hindy Najman, Isaac W. Oliver, Andrei Orlov, Annette Yoshiko Reed, Michael Segal, Lawrence Schiffman, James Scott, Michael Segal, Aharon Shemesh, Loren T. Stuckenbruck, David Suter, James VanderKam, Jacques van Ruiten, Benjamin Wright.

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10. Najman, "Interpretation as Primordial Writing," 379· See additionally, Najman, Seconding Sinai: the advance ofMosaic Discourse in moment Temple judaism, )S)Sup seventy seven (Lei den and Boston: Brill, 2003). 1 1. Najman, "Interpretation as Primordial Writing," 380. 122 jubilees, Sirach, and Sapien tial culture B en Sira famously doesn't quote from it explicitly. U just like the writer of Jubilees, even though, B en Sira translates this authoritative corpus, no matter if he's clarifying what it capability to honor mom and dad (3:1-16) or alluding to the de­ struction of Sodom and Gomorrah (16:8). He doesn't cite an authorita­ tive textual content to underwrite his interpretations, yet really he appeals to primor­ dial knowledge as his resource of authority. while Jubilees' h alakic prescriptions resided at the primordial heavenly capsules lengthy ahead of the angel of the presence dictated them to M oses ( the 1st of Najman's strate­ gies) , Ben Sira appeals to knowledge, which additionally existed primordially with God, as his resource of figuring out. in a similar fashion that during Jubilees the angel of the presence hyperlinks the heavenly realm with the earthly, assuring the accuracy of what Moses writes, so primordial knowledge hyperlinks heaven and earth, authorizing B en Sira's educate­ ing. Sir 24 could be the locus classicus for figuring out how Ben Sira theologizes approximately knowledge - and never with no pass od cause. knowledge speaks on her personal behalf; she starts off by means of describing her presence all through the entire earth (vv. 1 - 6 ) . She then seeks "rest" (v. 7 ) . yet the place? God sends her to Is­ rael, in particular to the Jerusalem temple the place she ministers "before him" (vv. 10-12). The everlasting and primordial knowledge is demonstrated within the temple, the place she prospers (vv. 13-17) . Given her presence i n the temple, one could count on B en Sira t o make specific a few priestly reference to knowledge, yet in vv. 19-22 knowledge calls to somebody who wishes her. 1 three those verses shape a segue to the subsequent position that one unearths knowledge, the Mosaic Torah: "All these items are the ebook of the covenant of the main excessive God, a legislation that Moses commanded us, an in­ heritance for the gatherings of Jacob" (v. 23) . regrettably, the word "these issues" is very imprecise, however it needs to check with what Ben Sira has simply stated approximately knowledge. Her presence not just legitimates the temple cult, yet she is usually embodied within the Torah, and her entry isn't constrained in simple terms to clergymen. As in Jubilees, in Sirach the legislations, in a feeling, exists prior to the Sinai occasion. Un­ like Jubilees, even though, Ben Sira doesn't envision one other revelation to Mo­ ses, yet he identifies primordial knowledge as a heavenly, preexistent function of the Mosaic Torah. this concept has strong results, as we will almost immediately 1 2. For issues of the be aware "canonical" during this context, see particularly Robert A. Kraft, "5. 1 Scripture and Canon in jewish Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha," in Hebrew Bible! outdated testomony: The background ofIts Interpretation, vol. 1, From the Beginnings to the center a while (Until 1. JOO), ed. Magne Saebo (Giittingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1996), 67-83.

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