Download E-books How to Lie with Maps (2nd Edition) PDF

By Mark Monmonier

Originally released to large acclaim, this energetic, cleverly illustrated essay at the use and abuse of maps teaches us the best way to review maps significantly and promotes a fit skepticism approximately those easy-to-manipulate versions of fact. Monmonier indicates that, regardless of their vast price, maps lie. in truth, they must.

The moment variation is up to date with the addition of 2 new chapters, 10 colour plates, and a brand new foreword through well known geographer H. J. de Blij. One new bankruptcy examines the position of nationwide curiosity and cultural values in nationwide mapping agencies, together with the us Geological Survey, whereas the opposite explores the recent breed of multimedia, computer-based maps.

To express how maps distort, Monmonier introduces easy ideas of mapmaking, provides pleasing examples of the misuse of maps in occasions from zoning disputes to census stories, and covers all of the standard types of distortions from planned oversimplifications to the deceptive use of color.

"Professor Monmonier himself is aware tips to achieve our awareness; it's not in reality the lies in maps yet their fact, if consistently approximate and incomplete, that he wishes us to appreciate and use, even to attract for ourselves at the facile display. His is an crafty and humorous ebook, which like several solid map, packs lots in little space."—Scientific American

"A precious advisor to a topic most folk most likely take an excessive amount of with no consideration. It indicates how map makers translate summary information into attention-grabbing cartograms, as they're known as. It combats cartographic illiteracy. It fights cartophobia. it could even train you in finding your manner. For that on my own, it kind of feels worthwhile."—Christopher Lehmann-Haupt, The big apple Times

". . . witty exam of ways and why maps lie. [The e-book] conveys a major message approximately how information of any variety might be manipulated. however it additionally communicates a lot of the problem, aesthetic attraction, and sheer enjoyable of maps. Even those that hated geography in grammar university may good discover a new enthusiasm for the topic after interpreting Monmonier's energetic and superb book."—Wilson Library Bulletin

"A analyzing of this booklet will depart you far better defended opposed to affordable atlases, shoddy journalism, unscrupulous advertisers, predatory special-interest teams, and others who might use or abuse maps at your expense."—John Van Pelt, Christian technological know-how Monitor

"Monmonier meets his objective admirably. . . . [His] booklet could be wear each map user's 'must learn' checklist. it's informative and readable . . . a massive breakthrough in supporting us to appreciate how maps can deceive their readers."—Jeffrey S. Murray, Canadian Geographic

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The choropleth map (introduced because the right-hand parts of figs. 2. thirteen and a couple of. 14) might be the top instance of this bias by means of default. Choropleth maps painting geographic styles for areas composed of areal devices equivalent to states, counties, and vote casting precincts. often to 6 graytone symbols, on a scale from gentle to darkish, characterize to 6 nonoverlapping different types for an depth index comparable to inhabitants density or the share of the grownup inhabitants vote casting within the final election. The breaks among those different types can markedly impact the mapped development, and the wary map writer exams the results of alternative units of sophistication breaks. Mapping software program can unwittingly motivate laziness by means of offering a map established upon a "default" type scheme that will, for example, divide the diversity of information values into 5 equivalent periods. As a business plan, the software program developer makes use of such default requirements to make the product extra beautiful via assisting the first-time or potential consumer adventure good fortune. Too often, although, the naive or noncritical person accepts this arbitrary reveal because the normal resolution, no longer basically as a kick off point, and ignores the invitation of the program's pull-down menus to discover different methods to facts category. diverse units of different types may end up in appreciably varied interpretations. the 2 maps in determine three. 10, for instance, provide very assorted impressions of the spatial trend of houses within the northeastern usa nonetheless missing phones in 1960. either maps have 3 sessions, portrayed with a graded series of graytone region symbols that suggest "low," "medium," and "high" charges of phonelessness. either units of different types use round-number breaks, which mapmakers for a few mysterious cause are inclined to prefer. The map on the left exhibits a unmarried kingdom, Virginia, in its excessive, so much poor classification, and a unmarried nation, Connecticut, in its low, so much well-connected category. The informal viewer may characteristic those extremes to Virginia's greater percentage of deprived blacks and to Connecticut's af- Map Generalization / forty-one Occupied Housing devices missing a cellphone, 1960 Occupied Housing devices missing a cellphone, 1960 Northeastern Unih. 'd States -I~... -r-.. :l~ ~ o bclowl0% D 10% to fifteen% D 20% to 30% • above 15% • above 30% o Ix'low20% determine three eleven type breaks will be manipulated to yield chompleth maps aiding politically divergent interpretations. fluent suburbs and regard the remainder states as homogeneously "average. " by contrast, the map on the correct portrays a extra balanced distribution of states one of the 3 teams and indicates a special interpretation.

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