By Jack Reynolds
Having at the beginning no longer had the eye of Sartre or Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty's paintings is arguably now extra broadly influential than both of his contemporaries. "Merleau-Ponty: Key options" provides an obtainable consultant to the middle rules which constitution Merleau-Ponty's pondering in addition to to his impacts and the price of his principles to a variety of disciplines. the 1st component of the e-book provides the context of Merleau-Ponty's pondering, the foremost debates of his time, fairly existentialism, phenomenology, the background of philosophy and the philosophy of heritage and society. the second one part outlines his significant contributions and conceptual options. the ultimate part focuses upon how his paintings has been taken up in different fields along with philosophy, particularly in sociology, cognitive technological know-how, overall healthiness experiences, feminism and race idea.
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Extra resources for Merleau-Ponty: Key Concepts
Evanston, IL: Northwestern collage Press, 1968 (Le seen et l’invisible, suivi de notes de travail, Claude Lefort (ed. ). Paris: Gallimard, 1964). the realm of conception, Oliver Davis (trans. ). London: Routledge, 2004 (Causeries 1948. Paris: Seuil, 2002). xiv PART I creation Page deliberately Left clean ONE Maurice Merleau-Ponty: existence and works Jack Reynolds in lots of respects Merleau-Ponty is the unknown guy of the 20 th century’s significant ecu philosophers. this isn't to disclaim that he has been largely learn and influential – in reality, there's strong cause to consider Paul Ricoeur that he was once the best of the French phenomenologists – yet just to discover that his lifestyles and character haven't been tested, a few may say fetishized, within the demeanour that will be anticipated for a French educational thinker of vital public reputation. definitely, he didn't first and foremost obtain an identical quantity of realization as his contemporaries and infrequently acquaintances, Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir. He has now not had biographies written approximately him as they've got, nor had photographic diaries and films dedicated to him, as have Michel Foucault, Gilles Deleuze and Jacques Derrida, and he by no means courted the media within the demeanour of, say, Sartre, and extra lately, Bernard-Henri Lévy. in truth, the lifetime of Merleau-Ponty and the strength of his character stay whatever of a secret. He turns out to personify what Heidegger is reputed to have stated of Aristotle: that he lived, he labored, and he died, and that used to be all that had to be stated in regards to the relation among a thinker and their biography. nevertheless, possibly this secret and this anonymity that encompass Merleau-Ponty in part demonstrate his character. no less than based on Sartre’s amazing, heartfelt eulogy, “Merleau-Ponty Vivant” (Stewart 1998), one by no means felt absolutely acquainted with Merleau-Ponty. in line with either Sartre and de Beauvoir’s reflections, he had a reserve, a undeniable aloofness, even if this could now not be taken to point an absence of allure or aura. three MERLEAU-PONTY: KEY options There are, in fact, convinced easy proof approximately his lifestyles that we will quick and simply delineate. He was once born on 14 March 1908 in Rochefort-sur-Mer, Charente-Maritime. As for plenty of others of his new release, his “father” (not his organic father, as we will see) was once killed within the First international struggle, while Maurice was once 3. All debts recommend, in spite of the fact that, that he had a really satisfied adolescence, dwelling together with his mom and sister within the kingdom earlier than relocating with them to Paris. He it sounds as if confided to Sartre that he by no means acquired over the incomparable contentment of his youth, whatever that Sartre later vividly stated in “Merleau-Ponty Vivant” within the means of implying that Merleau-Ponty’s theoretical paintings was once continuously nostalgically needing a go back to this type of pre-reflective kingdom of happiness and innocence – Emmanuel Levinas and Jacques Derrida have been additionally to make comparable criticisms of Merleau-Ponty’s paintings at later dates, albeit with no the advert hominem element.