Download E-books Philosophy in a New Key: A Study in the Symbolism of Reason, Rite, and Art PDF

Modern theories of which means often culminate in a critique of technological know-how. This e-book provides a learn of human intelligence starting with a semantic conception and major right into a critique of music.

By implication it units up a thought of all of the arts; the transference of its easy techniques to different arts than song isn't really constructed, however it is sketched, in most cases within the bankruptcy on creative import. considerate readers of the unique variation found those far-reaching rules speedy adequate because the occupation of the ebook indicates: it's as acceptable to literature, paintings and song as to the sector of philosophy itself.

The themes it bargains with are many: language, sacrament, fable, track, abstraction, truth, knowledge--to identify merely the most ones. yet via all of them is going the crucial subject, symbolic transformation because the crucial task of human minds. This principal proposal, emphasizing because it does the concept of symbolism, brings Mrs. Langer's booklet into line with the existing curiosity in semantics. All profound problems with our age appear to focus on the elemental options of symbolism and that means. The formative, inventive, articulating energy of symbols is the tonic chord which thinkers of all colleges and plenty of assorted fields are unmistakably amazing; the remarkable, far-reaching implications of this new basic perception represent what Mrs. Langer has referred to as "philosophy in a brand new key."

Mrs. Langer's booklet brings the dialogue of symbolism right into a wider basic use than feedback of observe that means. Her quantity is full of life, powerful, and good written and may entice every person drawn to the modern difficulties of philosophy.

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Yet in an prior a part of the booklet she writes, "I be aware of not anything of it [the Bubi language] myself retailer that it really is harsh in sound," and refers the render to the paintings of Dr. Baumann for info approximately its phrases and constitution; Baumann supplies a vocabulary and grammar that will definitely suffice a ecu to hold on any traditional dialog at nighttime. (See O. Baumann, "Beitrage zur Kentniss der Bubesprache auf Fernando Poo," Zeitschrift jiir ajrikanische Spr&chen I, 1888, 138-155. ) it sort of feels believable, consequently, that the Bubis locate such dialog in my view or socially "impossible" for another purposes. Her different instance ia no surer. "When i used to be with the lovers they regularly acknowledged. 'We will RO to th« fireplace in order to see what they say,' whilst any query needed to be determined after darkish . . " (p. 504). it really is unusual language during which you'll be able to make, in the dead of night, BO complicated an announcement as: "We will visit the fireplace a good way to see what they say," may still require gesture to accomplish different propositions; additionally, the place there's a query to determine, it'd be awkward for the main civilized csngresa to take a majority vote with out switching at the lighting. i'm susceptible, accordingly, to credits the assertion of Edward Sapir, that "the present of speech and a well-ordered language are attribute of each identified staff of h u m a n beings. No tribe has ever been came upon whi-h is with out language and ail statements on the contrary might be brushed aside as mere folklore. " After repudiating in particular the tales simply comparable, he concludes: ''The fact of the problem is that language is an basically excellent technique of expression and communique between each recognized humans. " (From Article "Language," in Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, through permission of The Macmillan corporation, publishers. Cf. Otto Jespersen, Language: its Xature, improvement and beginning London. 1922, p. 413. ) a In 1892 R. L. Garner released a booklet in N'ew York, The Speech ot Uonkeys, which aroused massive curiosity, for he claimed to have realized a monkey vocabulary of approximately 40 phrases. The publication, although, is so fanciful and unscientific, and its interpretations so extravagant, that i believe it has to be discounted in totot specifically as extra cautious observations of later scientists belie its findings. * W. H. Furness, "Observations at the Mentality of Chimpanzees and OrangUtoas," complaints of the yank Philosophical Society, LV (1916), 2J1-290. LANGUAGE eighty five ' who're very reluctant to desert the quest for pre-human speech-functions in simians, come to the belief that "although facts of use of the voice and of certain word-like sounds to represent emotions, and probably additionally rules, turns into more and more plentiful from lemur to ape, nobody of the infrahuman primates shows a systematization of vocal symbols that may nearly be defined as speech. " four If the apes particularly used "definite word-like sounds to represent emotions and probably additionally ideas," it'd be difficult to disclaim their energy of speech. yet all descriptions in their habit point out that they use such sounds purely to indicate their emotions, probably their wants.

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