Download E-books Studies in Classical Hebrew (Studia Judaica) PDF

This quantity collects experiences of the classical Hebrew language by means of one of many ideal students of this language in our time. Moshe Bar-Asher has released dozens of experiences of Hebrew, Aramaic, and Arabic, spanning approximately 3 thousand years of texts and dialects. only a few of his penetrating experiences were to be had in any ecu language, notwithstanding. This quantity provides 24 of them in English, facing the language of the Bible, the lifeless Sea Scrolls, and Rabbinic Literature.

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Nid. 10:2), ‫( בנות כותים נידות מעריסתן‬m. Nid. 4:1), ‫( הנידות והיולדות טובלות כדרכן ביום הכיפורים‬t. Kip. 4[5]:5). § eight Greenberg already mentioned the original use of ‫ה‬ within the word ‫ה‬ ‫( אשה‬Ezek 18:6), which he translates as nouns in apposition. 20 in this interpretation, ‫ה‬ during this expression potential “an impure [woman],” and never “female impurity,” and that for that reason the mishnaic utilization are available already within the Bible. 21 in spite of the fact that, Greenberg argues that every one meanings constructed inside one shape, which initially possessed an summary that means (‫= נידה‬ “menstrual impurity”), which constructed secondarily right into a concrete utilization (‫“ = נידה‬an impure thing,” “an impure woman”). i need to signify, to the contrary, that we must always think of the potential for separate grammatical varieties. prior to supplying my interpretation, I shall assessment what the traditional types needed to say. § nine the traditional biblical types translate the noun ‫ה‬ with various grammatical types. allow us to commence with Targum Onqelos. Of 13 occurrences of ‫ה‬22 within the Pentateuch (all within the ebook of Leviticus), Onqelos trans18 For a few cause Ben Yehuda 1960:7. 3533–3534 additionally comprises in his definition (‫ת האשה‬ ‫ )= מעמד האשה בומן וסתה בזיבת דמה החדשי‬the passages from Mishnaic Hebrew during which ‫ נידה‬deals with a lady, e. g. , ‫( נידה שבדקה עצמה יום שביעי שחרית‬m. Niddah 10:2). 19 Ben Yehuda 1960:7. 3533–3534. 20 “In ‫ אשה נדה‬of Ezekiel, the notice ‫נדה‬, in apposition to the notice ‫אשה‬, denotes an embodiment of menstrual impurity, a girl, a menstruant = a menstruous lady at the development of ‫‘ אשה זונה‬a harlot woman’” (Greenberg 1995:75). i don't comprehend the need of taking the collocations ‫ אשה נדה‬and ‫ אשה זונה‬as structures together with nucleus and apposition as opposed to noun and enhancing adjective. those structures are just like ‫( אשה גדולה‬2 Kgs 4:8), ‫( אשה זרה‬Prov 2:16), ‫( אשה יפה‬Prov 11:22), ‫( אשה עזובה‬Isa 54:6), and so on. 21 it's going to be under pressure that Greenberg 1995:76 additionally acknowledges the truth that what's attested in Mishnaic Hebrew (‫ה‬ as a name for a girl which additionally has the plural shape ‫דּוֹת‬), already are available within the Hebrew Bible within the word ‫ה היתה‬‫( ל‬Lam 1:17). 22 This quantity doesn't contain the six occurrences of ‫ה‬ ‫ ֵמי‬/ ‫ה‬ ‫ֵמי‬, which as already famous (§ 3), don't belong right here. 1. 2 ‫ה‬ and ‫ה‬ thirteen lates ‫ה‬ twelve instances as a verbal noun, which additionally features as an summary noun: ‫יחוּק‬. therefore, the expression ‫ַדּת דותה‬ (Lev 12:2) is translated ‫ריחוק‬ ‫( סאובתה‬also in Lev 12:5; 15:19,20,24,25[3×], 26[2×],33; 18:19). in a single passage, besides the fact that, Onqelos makes use of a Pa‘‘el passive participle from the basis ‫ ואיש‬:‫רח"ק‬ ‫ה היא‬ ,‫( אשר יקח את אשת אחיו‬Lev 20:21) is translated ‫וגבר דיסב ית איתת‬ ‫היא‬23 ‫א‬ ,‫( אחוהי‬not ‫חוּק‬ yet ‫א‬ ‘far away,’ or ‘removed’)! during this passage Onqelos interprets ‫ נדה‬as within the expression ‫( אשה נדה‬Ezek 18:6),24 which we pointed out above,25 and corresponds to the second one that means of ‫נדה‬ in Mishnaic Hebrew.

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