By Alexander Rabinowitch
A significant contribution to the historiography of the area within the twentieth century, The Bolsheviks in energy specializes in the fateful first yr of Soviet rule in Petrograd. It examines occasions that profoundly formed the Soviet political process that persevered via many of the twentieth century. Drawing mostly from formerly inaccessible Soviet information, it demolishes regular interpretations of the origins of Soviet authoritarianism by means of demonstrating that the Soviet approach advanced advert hoc because the Bolsheviks struggled to continue political energy amid spiraling political, social, financial, and army crises. The booklet covers matters akin to the quick fall of influential average Bolsheviks, the formation of the feared Cheka, the dissolution of the Constituent meeting, the crimson Terror, the nationwide government's flight to Moscow, and the following competition among Russia's new and previous capitals.
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Extra info for The Bolsheviks in Power: The First Year of Soviet Rule in Petrograd
Edu cell orders 800-842-6796 Fax orders 812-855-7931 Orders through e mail [email protected] edu © 2007 via Alexander Rabinowitch All rights reserved No a part of this ebook might be reproduced or used in any shape or in any way, digital or mechanical, together with photocopying and recording, or by way of any info garage and retrieval procedure, with out permission in writing from the writer. The organization of yank college Presses’ solution on Permissions constitutes the one exception to this prohibition. The paper utilized in this booklet meets the minimal standards of yank nationwide common for info Sciences—Permanence of Paper for published Library fabrics, ANSI Z39. 48-1984. synthetic within the usa Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication facts Rabinowitch, Alexander. The Bolsheviks in energy : the 1st 12 months of Soviet rule in Petrograd / Alexander Rabinowitch. p. cm. comprises bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-0-253-34943-9 (cloth : alk. paper) 1. Rossiiskaia sotsial-demokraticheskaia rabochaia partiia (bol’shevikov)—History—Sources. 2. Saint Petersburg (Russia)—History— Revolution, 1917–1921—Sources. three. Soviet Union—History—Revolution, 1917–1921. four. Kommunisticheskaia partiia Sovetskogo Soiuza—History—Sources. five. Lenin, Vladimir Il’ich, 1870–1924. I. identify. JN6598. S6R33 2007 947′. 210841—dc22 2007007276 1 2 three four five 12 eleven 10 09 08 07 For Victor dual brother, ally, worldwide humanitarian CONTENTS ix preface and acknowledgments xvii abbreviations Prologue: The Bolsheviks and the October Revolution in Petrograd 1 half 1. The Defeat of the Moderates 1. Forming a central authority 17 2. Rebels into Rulers fifty four three. collecting Forces eighty four. The destiny of the Constituent meeting 104 half 2. warfare or Peace? five. battling Lenin 131 6. “The Socialist homeland Is at risk” 7. An Obscene Peace 181 one hundred fifty five half three. Soviet energy at the breaking point eight. A Turbulent Spring 213 nine. carrying on with Crises 237 10. The Northern Commune and the Bolshevik–Left SR Alliance eleven. The Suicide of the Left SRs 283 260 half four. social gathering amid Terror 12. the line to “Red Terror” 313 thirteen. The purple Terror in Petrograd 330 14. Celebrating “The maximum occasion within the heritage of the realm” 15. cost of Survival 389 chronology of key occasions notes 409 chosen bibliography index 475 403 455 356 PR EFACE A ND ACK NOW LEDGMENTS The Bolsheviks got here to energy in Russia in October 1917. The regime they proven, which was once devoted to the common triumph of communism, managed Russian politics and society for greater than seventy-five years. it could possibly kind of be argued that this end result, greater than the other unmarried occasion, formed global background for a lot of the 20th century. such a lot of my expert examine and writing has been dedicated to learning the October 1917 revolution and its speedy final result in Petrograd, now St. Petersburg, the capital of Imperial and progressive Russia. In my first publication, Prelude to Revolution: The Petrograd Bolsheviks and the July rebellion (Indiana college Press, 1968), I explored the reasons, improvement, and result of the abortive July 1917 revolt in Petrograd as a way of clarifying the resources of renowned dissatisfaction with the liberal/moderatesocialist Provisional govt, and this system, constitution, approach to operation, and strengths and weaknesses of the Bolshevik occasion (in comparability with different modern political parties).