Download E-books The Cambridge History of Judaism, Volume 2: The Hellenistic Age PDF

By W. D. Davies, Louis Finkelstein

The second one of 4 volumes overlaying the background of Judaism from 540 BCE to 250 CE, this publication offers with the stumble upon of Judaism with the Hellenistic tradition unfold in the course of the Mediterranean global and past via Alexander the good and his successors. Drawing upon fresh scholarship in archaeology, background and scriptures, the members describe the spiritual, social and cultural rejection and adoption of Hellenism through Judaism. Illustrated with plates and diagrams, the textual content will turn out a useful source to students and normal readers drawn to Jewish or Mediterranean background.

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467 (ET 1, pp. 256Q; Stern, Authors, p. forty six. 2 Cambridge Histories on-line © Cambridge college Press, 2008 I36 THE HELLENISTIC AGE specified testimony of Hecateus of Abdera, which was once in keeping with firsthand wisdom and integrated in his booklet on Egypt, written approximately three hundred B. C. E. 1 Hecateus, operating from his wisdom of up to date Jewish political existence the place the excessive priest used to be the said chief of the folk, provided the Jewish country confirmed by way of Moses after the Exodus because the excellent cognizance of the Hellenistic version of the kingdom. furthermore, Hecateus supplied an unreservedly approving account of Jewish monotheism,2 reminiscent of we additionally come across in Theophrastus,3 to whom numerous references have already been made. basically this represents the impression of Aristotle's philosophical monotheism to which in this case Hellenistic Jewish philosophers of their flip usually hark again. four within the moment half the 3rd century Hermippus' testimony is to be additional. five those early tales to the life of a very Hellenistic Jewish inhabitants are the extra awesome in the event that they are considered along with the continued constancy to standard Judaism which reveals expression, for instance, within the translation of the Pentateuch into Greek. it truly is in contrast historical past that we needs to overview the following circulate for reform between Jewish Hellenists in Jerusalem. 6 After the failure of this endeavour and after the Maccabees had followed a serious angle in the direction of Hellenism, evaluations in regards to the Jews underwent an intensive change7 — simply because, in Posidonius' view, that they had deserted the religion of Moses in favour of superstition, ritualism and political ambition. eight but we must always no longer omit the truth that sure elements of the Jewish faith have been already felt to offer offence even within the early Hellenistic interval. the connection with Judaism was once by no means completely unfastened from friction and contained latent hazards of 1 style or one other. Already within the reign of Ptolemy II, Manetho wrote in regards to the Jews in an exceptionally antagonistic fashion;? in his heritage of Egypt he provided a counter1 2 five Jacoby, FGrHist, 264 F 6 = Diodorus XL. three; cf. Hengel, Hellenismus, pp. forty six five f (ET 1, pp. 25 five f); Stern, Authors, pp. 26-35. Stern, Authors, p. 26, traces 20—3. Jacoby, FGrHist, 737 F 6; Hengel, Hellenismus, p. 466 (ET 1, p. 256); Stern, Authors, pp. 10-12. four Cf. playstation . -Arist. 15-16; Nilsson, faith, 2, pp. 569; Hengel, Hellenismus, pp. 466, 475f (ET 1, pp. 256, 26if); Juden, p. 132; E T p. ninety six. five In Jos. C. Ap. 1. 162-5; Stern, Authors, pp. 95f. 6 Cf. Hengel, Hellenismus, pp. 532-54 (ET 1, pp. 292-303) who there develops arguments first complicated through Bickerman. there's extra corroboration within the echoes of the homonoia concept to be present in Philo, for instance, Virt. 119^ Praem. ninety seven. 7 Hengel, Hellenismus, p. 469 (ET 1, p. 258). eight In Strabo, Geographica xvi. 2. forty three (C 764); Stern, Authors, 1, p. 295, strains 40-50. Cf. Hengel, Hellenismus, pp. 469—71 (ET 1, pp. 258—60). nine In Jos. C. Ap. 1. 73—91, 93—105, 228—52; Stern, Authors, 1, pp. 62—86. Cambridge Histories on-line © Cambridge college Press, 2008 THE DIASPORA 137 account because it have been to the Exodus tale as similar within the Septuagint, drawing on tales already present in Egypt.

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