Download E-books The Command of the Ocean: A Naval History of Britain 1649-1815 PDF

By N. A. M. Rodger

The Command of the Ocean describes with extraordinary authority and scholarship the increase of england to naval greatness, and the vital position of the army and naval job within the lifetime of the kingdom and govt. It describes not only battles, voyages and cruises yet how the military was once manned, the way it used to be provided with bushes, hemp and iron, how its males (and occasionally girls) have been fed, and in particular the way it used to be financed and directed. It was once throughout the century and a part lined through this e-book that the winning organizing of those final 3 - victualling, cash and administration - took the army to the center of the British kingdom. it's the nice fulfillment of the booklet to teach how thoroughly built-in and collectively established Britain and the military then grew to become.

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The next day the conflict used to be resumed, the Dutch now having ammunition for less than 3 hours’ combating. in this day Blake, who were sick ashore, rejoined the English fleet with one other 13 ships, turning the Dutch defeat right into a rout. Twenty Dutch ships have been misplaced, and Tromp’s flagship back in a sinking situation. The English misplaced no ships, yet Deane used to be killed. The catastrophe so frequently anticipated through the Dutch admirals if their fleet was once no longer larger supplied, chiefly with ammunition, had now happened. sixty seven ‘What use is it to equivocate, status right here prior to my sovereigns? ’ de With informed the States-General. ‘I can and needs to say that the English are actually our masters and command the ocean. ’68 The English fleet now fixed a blockade of the Dutch coast, driving close by of watchers at the steeple of the Groote Kerk within the Hague. alternate used to be at a standstill; the typical humans confronted famine, the govt. feared an Orangist revolution. After a month English victualling collapsed less than the tension of protecting the fleet a hundred miles from its bases and it again to Solebay at the Suffolk coast. There Blake used to be despatched ailing ashore back, and the fleet again below the command of Monck by myself. On sixteen July the English fleet used to be back at the Dutch coast, mendacity among the divided parts of the Dutch fleet. sixty nine Tromp sailed back at the twenty fifth, and with nice ability succeeded in drawing Monck off the coast for lengthy adequate to unite his fleet. After days of skirmishes, the 2 fleets fought off the Texel on 31 July. The English have been back in line, and this time gone through the unformed Dutch fleet on contrary tacks 4 instances in succession. by way of this time the Dutch had suffered badly and their fleet was once disintegrating, even though lots of the captains didn't but recognize of the last word loss: Tromp used to be killed. De With controlled to hide the retreat of the foremost a part of the fleet, yet there has been no disguising the level of the disaster. 70 ‘The English fought with spirit and order, our individuals with neither,’ stated the French minister on the Hague. ‘The English have all of the marks of honour: they've got the prizes and the prisoners, and we've got none. ’71 notwithstanding the struggle persevered to the top of the yr, Dutch envoys have been already in London looking peace, and assembly a pleasant reception. regardless of the devastation wrought at the Dutch financial system by means of English naval task, the English had as many purposes to welcome peace. each side had a long way outpaced their administrative and monetary assets. English successes in domestic waters have been in part balanced via the Dutch somewhere else. In alliance with Denmark, the Dutch had closed the Baltic and bring to an end the availability of naval shops with out which no English fleet might placed to sea. seventy two certainly the English army couldn't have fought in any respect yet for the punctual potency of Dutch retailers in pleasant their present hemp contracts after the outbreak of struggle, transport the important fabric in Polish ships to fulfill the Navigation Act. seventy three within the Mediterranean the English squadron indifferent from the most fleet prior to the conflict of Dungeness were thoroughly defeated through the Dutch, and an incredible fraction of England’s out of the country alternate have been destroyed.

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