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In keeping with Nobel laureate Elie Wiesel, it’s simply because they have to: “It is human nature to disregard what hurts you…. however the Jews reside by way of different ideas. For a Jew, not anything is extra very important than reminiscence. he's sure to his origins through reminiscence. it's reminiscence that connects him to Abraham, Moses and Rabbi Akiba. If he denies reminiscence he'll have denied his honor. ” reminiscence is what all Jews have in universal, whether or not they are Orthodox Jews from London, Reform Jews from ny, or nonpracticing Jews from Tel Aviv. because the tale of the Jewish humans unfolds within the following pages, have in mind that it's the collective reminiscence of the Jews from one iteration to the subsequent that's the cornerstone of the Jewish humans. And it truly is this reminiscence, probably greater than anything, that has held them jointly for over 4 millennia and is still a unifying strength at the present time. bankruptcy 1 The Age of the Patriarchs in line with the Jewish culture, Jewish historical past starts with Abraham and the opposite patriarchs, leaders of the nomadic Hebrew tribes that got here from Mesopotamia and wandered all through Canaan, finally finishing up in Egypt. now not a lot is understood approximately this early interval. the 2 assets are the Bible and archaeological findings. regrettably, they don’t regularly current a similar model of the tale. the place Jewish heritage starts whereas nobody can say for definite the place the 1st humans seemed on the earth, it's believed that civilization germinated within the center East, in a space often called the Fertile Crescent. Geographically, the Crescent was once a fertile agricultural sector surrounded by way of arid deserts. The fecundity of the terrain was once ensured by means of 4 strong rivers that surrounded or flowed throughout the zone. To the west, it used to be supported through the Nile in Egypt; to the east it was once nourished through the Tigris and Euphrates. Archaeologists think that people first settled right down to farm the land round 5000 B. C. E. , within the area among the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, referred to as Mesopotamia (parts of modern day Iraq and Turkey). finally, prosperity in agriculture prepared the ground for the emergence of robust urban states. it's to this zone that we hint the origins of the early Hebrews. Abraham’s Covenant with God Abraham used to be born within the urban of Ur, sometimes called Ur Kasdim (Ur of the Chaldees), within the southern a part of Mesopotamia, someday among 1950 and 1800 B. C. E. the child boy’s father, Terah, gave him the identify of Abram. whilst Abram used to be nonetheless a formative years, Terah moved together with his relatives to the town of Haran in northern Mesopotamia, and that's the place Abram grew into maturity. for hundreds of years, the lifestyles of Ur Kasdim was once shrouded in secret, and it used to be now not until eventually the 19th century that archaeologists started excavating this historic urban. proven over and a part centuries B. C. E. , Ur used to be one of many significant towns of historic Sumer, an empire that thrived in southern Mesopotamia until eventually its fall to the Babylonians. Terah was once a Semitic service provider of idols yet, legend has it, his younger son used to be now not confident via the good judgment of idol worship.