By N. A. M. Rodger
All through Britain's background, one issue especially others has decided the destiny of the state: its military. N. A. M. Rodger's definitive account unearths how the political and social development of england has been inextricably intertwined with the energy - and weak spot - of its sea strength, from the determined early campaigns opposed to the Vikings to the defeat of the good Spanish Armada.
Covering coverage, method, ships, recruitment and guns, this can be a amazing tapestry of approximately 1,000 years of maritime heritage. No different historian has tested the topic in something just like the element came upon right here. the result's an exceptional instance of narrative history' Barry Unsworth, Sunday Telegraph
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Additional resources for The Safeguard of the Sea: A Naval History of Britain, Volume 1: 660-1649
Antwerp at the Scheldt, and the ports of Damme and Sluys at the Swyn, the estuary which led as much as Bruges, have been the closest and most common of all ports of demand English delivery. shut monetary ties had lengthy shaped the root of alliances among Flanders and England opposed to France, and successive English kings, studying by means of event the price and hassle of long-range struggle from Gascony, dreamed of attacking France from the north. 39 for a lot of the center a long time, even though, the Low nations have been divided between plenty of small states, and the assembling of a operating coalition between them, and surroundings it in movement opposed to the bold defences of France, many times proved to be a high priced and futile project. forty as a consequence the small forces that could be spared from Wales all went to Gascony. the 1st ships sailed in October 1294, passing up the Gironde and the Garonne prior Bordeaux, taking pictures Bourg, Blaye and different riverside cities at the means; disembarking their horses after seventeen weeks at sea, forty-one they marched overland and retook Bayonne, which welcomed the relieving strength right away. At Easter 1295, even though, a wide French military invaded; with few English troops on hand, the load of the warfare fell mostly on neighborhood forces raised via the cities and petty the Aristocracy of Gascony, which (unlike town of Bordeaux) remained unswerving to the English connection. The 1295 day trip of the king's brother Edmund Crouchback, Earl of Lancaster, completed little, and Lancaster himself died in June. forty two If there has been one guy who stored English Gascony it used to be Barrau de Sescas, ‘Captain and Admiral' of Bayonne. Bayonne's ships and cash have been the foremost to the defence of English Gascony; they fought the convoys from England during the French blockade of the Gironde to the besieged fortresses of Bourg and Blaye, permitting them to carry out till the truce of 1297. forty three we have now a lot information regarding those operations, all the way down to the lading of ships just like the lots of Winchelsea, Robert Kingston grasp, which carried from the Thames to Bourg a shipment together with 385 quarters of corn, 20 a whole lot wheat, three springalds, forty eight crossbows, and ammunition amounting to 52,000 crossbow bolts and 500 springald bolts. forty four within the Channel the French have been operating not easy on their new naval base the Clos des Gallées at Rouen, equipped among 1284 and 1293,45 it appears after the version of the Castilian naval base at Seville. right here a strength of craftsmen imported at nice rate from the Mediterranean built and maintained Genoese-style galleys, manned via crews cited from Marseilles each spring. those galleys have been equipped and preserved in everlasting galley-houses, even though it's uncertain whether or not they have been introduced immediately into the river or right into a basin. there have been definitely locks giving entry to channels, probably prime right into a basin. A separate strength of neighborhood shipwrights outfitted clinker-built barges, most likely just like English barges of the time. along with approximately 30 galley-houses, there have been additionally huge workshops, shops, barracks and a parade-ground.