By Richard von Glahn
The main extraordinary function of Wutong, the preeminent God of Wealth in overdue imperial China, was once the deity's diabolical personality. Wutong was once perceived now not as a heroic determine or paragon of noble characteristics yet particularly as an embodiment of humanity's basest vices, greed and lust, a maleficent demon who preyed at the susceptible and susceptible. In The Sinister means, Richard von Glahn examines the emergence and evolution of the Wutong cult in the greater framework of the ancient improvement of chinese language well known or vernacular religion—as against institutional religions corresponding to Buddhism or Daoism. Von Glahn's learn, spanning 3 millennia, provides due acceptance to the morally ambivalent and demonic facets of divine strength in the universal chinese language spiritual tradition.
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Extra resources for The Sinister Way: The Divine and the Demonic in Chinese Religious Culture
Zhenwu, the real Warrior 25. Dongyue and the Celestial and Infernal Courts 26. A one-legged Wutong? 27. Wusheng (Five Saints) 28–29. Marshal Ma talismans (instructions for creating a paper talisman; deity and guns) 30. Marshal Ma talisman (incantation for summoning ﬁre crows) 31–32. Huaguang battles Nezha 33. Marshal Ma 34. The Lengqiesi pagoda at Stone Lake 35. Zhao Gongming and the 5 Paths to Wealth 36. Civil and Martial Gods of Wealth 37. “Sources of Wealth for wealthy and bad, Base and suggest” 50 fifty one fifty four 60 sixty one eighty three 107 one hundred ten 111 124 126 127 137 139 148 149 159 162 171 184 199 214 215 216 218 231 248 250 255 Acknowledgments This publication is an outgrowth of analysis I performed in the course of my tenure as a traveling fellow on the Institute of Oriental tradition, Tokyo collage, in 1988–89, which was once supported via a fellowship from the yank Council of realized Societies. therefore I endured my study in China in 1991–92 using a furnish from the Committee for Scholarly communique with China, and that i additionally bought a supply from the nationwide Endowment for the arts for study and writing throughout the 1996–97 educational 12 months. furthermore, in the course of the lifetime of this undertaking I acquired ﬁnancial aid from the tutorial Senate of the college of California, l. a.. i'm deeply thankful for the help of all of those benefactors. I owe a unique debt of gratitude to Ursula-Angelika Cedzich, who pioneered scholarly learn of the Wutong cult and has generously shared her ﬁndings and suggestions with me. Barend ter Haar additionally supplied me with perception and counsel as well as sharing his personal learn at the Wutong cult. i've got beneﬁted over a long time from the knowledge of Terry Kleeman, who was once current on the start of this undertaking once we have been sharing an ofﬁce on the Institute of Oriental tradition. Lothar von Falkenhausen and Stephen Bokenkamp learn big parts of the e-book manuscript, which has been a lot stronger via their feedback and recommendation. Wang Ch’iu-kuei’s painstaking studying of formerly released parts of this examine has likewise rescued me from mistakes. I additionally desire to thank nameless readers for the college of California Press for his or her reviews xi xii Acknowledgments and feedback. Liao Hsien-huei made a huge contribution to this e-book in her a number of roles as assiduous examine assistant, inquiring pupil, and entire pupil. ultimately, it is going to be transparent to readers that this ebook rests upon the paintings of many students with out which this company wouldn't have been attainable. Shiba Yoshinobu, Wang Chunyu, and Li Bozhong were terribly worthwhile in facilitating my entry to numerous documents and libraries. For unstinting courtesy and suggestions I desire to thank the librarians and employees on the Institute of Oriental tradition, Tokyo collage; TÖyÖ Bunko; nationwide vitamin Library; nationwide files of Japan; SeikadÖ Library; Institute of historical past, chinese language Academy of Social Sciences; Beijing Library; Beijing collage Library; Nanjing Library; Nanjing collage Library; Shanghai Library; Library of Congress; and the younger examine Library, collage of California, la.