There are an envisioned 900 functioning satellites orbiting Earth, amassing information and investigating the sun process. Readers will know about unmanned spaceflight, from the previous Soviet Union?s Sputnik of the 1950?s to modern day rockets and the Hubble area Telescope. contains black-and-white pictures, clinical info, appendices, thesaurus, extra studying, and index. 208 pages.
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Extra info for Unmanned Space Missions (An Explorer's Guide to the Universe)
S. Feb. three, 1966 first spacecraft to soft-land at the Moon Luna nine U. S. S. R. April 24, 1967 first loss of life in the course of an area project Vladimir Komarov on Soyuz 1 U. S. S. R. Dec. 24, 1968 first people to orbit the Moon Frank Borman, James Lovell, and William Anders on Apollo eight U. S. July 20, 1969 first human to stroll at the Moon Neil Armstrong on Apollo eleven U. S. Sept. 24, 1970 first go back of lunar samples by means of an unmanned spacecraft Luna sixteen U. S. S. R. Dec. 15, 1970 first tender touchdown on one other planet (Venus) Venera 7 U. S. S. R. April 19, 1971 first area station introduced Salyut 1 U. S. S. R. attending to area | 33 date entire occasion info nation or employer Nov. thirteen, 1971 first spacecraft to orbit one other planet (Mars) Mariner nine U. S. Dec. 2, 1971 first spacecraft to soft-land on Mars Mars three U. S. S. R. Dec. three, 1973 first spacecraft to fly by means of Jupiter Pioneer 10 U. S. July 17, 1975 first overseas docking in house Apollo and Soyuz spacecraft in the course of Apollo-Soyuz try out undertaking U. S. , U. S. S. R. July 20, 1976 first photos transmitted from the outside of Mars Viking 1 U. S. Sept. 1, 1979 first spacecraft to fly through Saturn Pioneer eleven U. S. April 12–14, 1981 first reusable spacecraft introduced and lower back from house area go back and forth Columbia U. S. Jan. 24, 1986 first spacecraft to fly by way of Uranus Voyager 2 U. S. March thirteen, 1986 first spacecraft to make a detailed flyby of a comet nucleus Giotto at Halley’s Comet eu area business enterprise Aug. 24, 1989 first spacecraft to fly via Neptune Voyager 2 U. S. April 25, 1990 first huge optical house telescope introduced Hubble area Telescope U. S. , eu house enterprise Dec. 7, 1995 first spacecraft to orbit Jupiter Galileo U. S. 34 | Unmanned area Missions date entire Nov. 2, 2000 occasion information first resident staff William Shepherd, to occupy the Yury Gidzenko, and foreign area Sergey Krikalyov Station * Feb. 14, 2000 * Feb. 12, 2001 first spacecraft to orbit (2000) and land on (2001) an asteroid kingdom or business enterprise U. S. , Russia close to on the asteroid Eros U. S. June 21, 2004 first privately funded manned spacecraft to accomplish sub orbital flight above a hundred km (62 miles) SpaceShipOne Mojave Aerospace Ventures (commercial three way partnership) July 1, 2004 first spacecraft to orbit Saturn Cassini-Huygens U. S. , ecu house corporation, Italy Jan. 14, 2005 first spacecraft to land at the moon of Huygens probe of U. S. , eu a planet except the CassiniSpace enterprise, Italy Earth (Saturn’s Huygens spacecraft moon Titan) propellant fluid were studied, they usually provide promise for a few destiny missions. In definite platforms, the propellant is heated at increased strain by way of self reliant capability after which speeded up by way of exhaust via a nozzle. In others, the propellant is speeded up through electromagnetic capability, during which case not less than a part of the fluid needs to be electrically charged first. In those structures, the strength resource might be nuclear, sun, or beamed strength from an autonomous resource. The outlook for many present missions is that on-board strength assets of this sort will be too heavy, specifically for highthrust missions.