By Jack Wertheimer
While East ecu Jews migrated westward in ever better numbers among 1870 and 1914, either German executive officers and the leaders of German Jewry have been faced through a chain of recent demanding situations. What rules did govt leaders devise to deal with the probably never-ending tide of Jews flooding throughout Germany's borders? What was once the particular, instead of the perceived, personality of those Jewish migrants? How did local Jews reply to the arriving of coreligionists from the East? Drawing on archival examine performed in East and West Germany, Israel, and the us, Unwelcome Strangers probes into those questions, bearing on essentially the most troubling concerns in glossy German and Jewish history--the habit of Germans towards strangers of their midst, the prestige and self-perception of emancipated Jews in pre-Nazi Germany, and the responses of "privileged" Jews to needy, yet alien, coreligionists.
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Additional info for Unwelcome Strangers: East European Jews in Imperial Germany (Studies in Jewish History)
In Munich, for instance, the neighborhood department of the anti-Semitic Christian-Social get together submitted a petition in overdue 1904 urging the municipal executive to prohibit Jewish immigrants. Petitioners claimed that Bavaria was once "welcoming international Jews with open palms, in order that it's no ask yourself that they regard it as a moment Canaan. " on the instigation of Councilman Herrmann, a member of the guts celebration, the municipal govt took up the query of no matter if to go a legislation singling out overseas Jews for expulsion. whereas Herrmann's thought used to be defeated through a vote of thirty to nineteen, one other answer carried that referred to as for shut inspection of foreigners at the a part of physicians, tuition directors, and police gurus. hence, even if restrictionist accounts failed, japanese Jews came across themselves below nearer scrutiny. 26 PUBLIC DEBATES OVER japanese JEWS 35 The efforts of anti-Semitic restrictionists additionally had different vital, albeit much less tangible, results. it's not unreasonable to imagine that their campaigns emboldened participants and teams who felt threatened by way of the industrial festival of jap Jews to air their grievances in public. to quote simply 3 examples: In 1894, 150,000 leaflets have been allotted within the Rhineland attacking an organization promoting farm implements on account that it used to be run through a "Galician swindler"; ahead of his arrival in Germany, this jap Jew had allegedly "sold reasonable items in a bazaar. " one other leaflet attacked proprietors of an organization promoting comparable implements as "two Talmud Jews from Tarnopol" who knew not anything approximately their enterprise. no longer unusually, those leaflets have been allotted via Germans who resented the contest of Galician Jews. 20 years later, the organization of German Shoe retailers petitioned for the expulsion of Galician old-clothes purchasers whose "swindling company practices" had robbed blameless Germans. The expulsion of Galicians might, in fact, profit individuals of the organization. On a few events, employee agencies additionally protested the unfair pageant of overseas Jews: in 1900 the overall Bavarian employees conference petitioned the govt. to expel Rumanian Jews who have been flooding into the kingdom; after a few research, even if, the govt. may find purely such Rumanian Jews who posed an financial chance. considerably, those protests led to govt investigations and nearer supervision of japanese Jews. 27 maybe the main far-reaching end result of the restrictionist crusade, despite the fact that, lay in its effect on public discourse relating jap Jews. by way of harping continuously at the Jewish threat and many times providing debts aimed completely at overseas Jews, political anti-Semites stored the difficulty of Jewish immigration alive as a particular factor detailed from all different immigration questions. Their agitation absolutely lent convenience to nation officers cause on dealing harshly with Jewish immigrants. And their efforts effectively stored jap Jews and their acquaintances at the shielding. For through continually elevating the threat of out of control Jewish immigration, parliamentary anti-Semites pressured Jewish and Gentile neighbors of jap Jews right into a self-defeating safeguard: ever wide awake that the slightest upward push in Jewish immigration will be interpreted via anti-Semites because the onset of a tidal wave that may engulf the Reich, defenders of japanese Jews always downplayed the scale of Jewish immigration and within the strategy implicitly approved the belief that Jewish immigrants have been a bane to Germany.