The first significant anthology to track the improvement, from the early 1800s to the current, of black feminist proposal within the usa, Words of Fire is Beverly Guy-Sheftall’s complete choice of writings, within the feminist culture, of greater than sixty African American girls. From the pioneering paintings of abolitionist Maria Miller Stewart and anti-lynching crusader Ida Wells-Barnett to the writings of up to date feminist critics Michele Wallace and bell hooks, black ladies were writing concerning the a number of jeopardies—racism, sexism, and classicm—that have made it crucial for them to forge a model of feminism uniquely their own.
List of members: Margaret Walker Alexander Sadie Tanner Mosell Alexander Frances Beale Shirley Chisholm Cheryl Clarke Pearl Cleage Johnnetta B. Cole Patricia Hill Collins The Combahee River Collective Anna Julia Cooper Angela Davis Alice Dunbar-Nelson Julia A.J. Foote Amy Jacques Garvey Paula Giddings Jacquelyn furnish Patricia Haden Evelynn Hammonds Lorraine Hansberry Frances Ellen Watkins Harper Elizabeth Higginbotham Darlene Clark Hine bell hooks Claudia Jones June Jordan Gloria Joseph Florynce “Flo” Kennedy Deborah ok. King Linda los angeles Rue Audre Lorde Tracye Matthews Elise Johnson McDougald Donna Middleton Gertrude Bustill Mossell Pauli Murray Barbara Omolade Barbara Ransby Beth E. Richie Patricia Robinson Barbara Smith Maria Miller Stewart Ula Taylor Mary Church Terrell Pauline Terrelonge Sojourner fact Alice Walker Michele Wallace Mary Ann Weathers Ida Wells-Barnett E. Frances White Margaret Wilkerson
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Additional info for Words of Fire: An Anthology of African-American Feminist Thought
Too many progressives, or even a few Communists, are nonetheless responsible of exploiting Negro household staff, of refusing to rent them during the family employees’ Union (or of refusing to assist in its growth into these parts the place it doesn't but exist), and customarily of partaking within the vilification of “maids” while chatting with their bourgeois friends and their very own households. Then, there's the expressed “concern” that the exploited Negro family employee doesn't “talk” to, or isn't “friendly” with, her company, or the behavior of assuming that the obligation of the white revolutionary service provider is to “inform” the Negro girl of her exploitation and her oppression which she surely is aware relatively in detail. chronic problem to each chauvinist comment as issues the Negro girl is vitally precious, if we're to collapse the comprehensible mistrust at the a part of Negro ladies who're repelled by means of the white chauvinism they generally locate expressed in revolutionary circles. MANIFESTATIONS OF WHITE CHAUVINISM many of the crassest expressions of chauvinism are to be discovered at social affairs, the place, all too frequently, white women and men and Negro males perform dancing, yet Negro ladies are overlooked. The popularity of white ruling-class criteria of “desirability” for ladies (such as mild skin), the failure to increase courtesy to Negro girls and to combine Negro girls into organizational management, are other kinds of chauvinism. one other rabid point of the Jim-Crow oppression of the Negro girl is expressed within the a number of legislation that are directed opposed to her as regards estate rights, inter-marriage (originally designed to avoid white males within the South from marrying Negro women)—and legislation which prevent and deny the proper of selection, not just to Negro girls, yet Negro and white women and men. For white revolutionary men and women, and particularly for Communists, the query of social relatives with Negro women and men is certainly a question of strictly adhering to social equality. this suggests ridding ourselves of the location which occasionally reveals convinced progressives and Communists battling at the financial and political concerns dealing with the Negro humans, yet “drawing the road” by way of social sex or inter-marriage. to put the query as a “personal” and never a political subject, while such questions come up, is to be in charge of the worst type of Social-Democratic, bourgeois-liberal pondering as regards the Negro query in American lifestyles; it truly is to be accountable of imbibing the toxic white-chauvinist “theories” of a Bilbo or a Rankin. equally, too, with reference to ensuring the “security” of youngsters. This protection could be greater in basic terms throughout the fight for the liberation and equality of all countries and peoples, and never through protecting kids from the data of this fight. this implies ridding ourselves of the bourgeois-liberal attitudes which “permit” Negro and white young ones of progressives to play jointly at camps while younger, yet draw the road whilst the youngsters succeed in teen-age and determine boy-girl relationships.